الأحد، 23 أكتوبر، 2011

When the secret of embalming the Pharaohs

Although the Pharaonic civilization proves every day the uniqueness and miles made ​​by a different league and alone outside the group of world civilizations at the time, but the mystery of mummification remains always more mysteries of the Pharaohs mysterious and exciting, and between scientists who are fascinated by the process of mummification and worked hard to unseen Researcher English sound Ataram which made it clear that this process was carried out in or near the cemetery in a range of workshops and Mazlath mummification.

And begin the steps to mummification process to transfer the body to "Ibo," a tent where washing the body of the deceased with water and a small amount of salt natron, which is brought from the "Valley of Natron" was developed body of the deceased after removal of his clothes on the table, embalming and shed with water mixed with salt when cleansing the body was being moved to the "played-Watt" or place or to the pure "Bernfr", a beautiful home where he is sewn .. The stitching process takes 70 days since the declaration of death and even enter the body to the cemetery, and during this period, the viscera may be removed were dried and stuffed and wrapped with linen and shrouding.

 The secrets of mummification at the Pharaohs

New scientific study shows that the ancient Egyptians were using complex mixtures of plant and animal extracts for embalming their dead.



British researchers have conducted tests for three years a sample of the material used by ancient Egyptians in embalming Momciawathm. The analysis showed the presence of a very large group of components, including the types of animal fats and vegetable oils, beeswax and vegetable glues.
 
Researchers have discovered that the embalming materials created by the Pharaohs was a combination of cheap materials, and other precious and rare at that time, such as rice and oil of juniper, which were Isturdan from outside Egypt.
 
Steps to mummification

And begin the steps to mummification also reported Khaleej Times extraction of the brain, usually through the nose by a hook of bronze, and is in the skull means through the nostrils and through suppression, helps to dissolve the remnants of the brain outstanding, usually sodomized with the brain to the large size and the small hole it out, or leave the brain the head and given that one of the first brain tissue, which are biodegradable and mold after death

. Then find his waist from the left stone Ethiopian, and this slot is extracted intestine, liver, spleen, and kidneys Fathntan salt, then Tdmdan tapes linen, and then pave the diaphragm to extract the lungs, the heart and Oeith big she does place, and if eradicated by mistake with the lungs re-embalmed and put in place again because of the importance of the heart to the ancient Egyptians and to investigate safety and not to leave the potential for damage to this user pivotal, was placed what is known as the heart Bjaran written by the mantra of the book of the Dead replace the real heart

Then wash the abdominal cavity and chest wine dates, spices, and then fills the abdomen of various materials such as myrrh, cinnamon, and then sew the opening and address the gut then Balntron, grease, perfumes, and divide the viscera to be placed in the four-time known as "flasks canopic" because of the "Canopus" of Abu Qir is currently in Alexandria , and this title was given to the similarity between the heads of these vessels with the heads of the idol of this region

.. These pots and kept the bowels of the deceased and the sons of the guard "Horus" and all four of them can protect a viscera .. Faihmy "Amesti" and form of the human head (liver), while the Heat "Jobei" actor with a monkey (lungs) and protects "born death F" and actor with a jackal (stomach), and finally protects the "ugliness Snow said," Representative falcon-headed (bowel) and placed near the viscera of the body sometimes inside.

 Then placed the body in natron to dry and extracted afterwards to wash with water and dried Mounchwet was washed wine dates again, and remember the process of washing the story of legendary "Sunrise" from the waters of the Nile, and the stuffed cavity of the skull resin or linen saturated with resin, while stuffed hollowed chest and abdomen Palmer and aromatics the other, then rounded lips cover the wound and the wound plaque or beeswax and prove the board by pouring molten resin on it.

Then paint the body with oil, myrrh, stuffed mouth linen submerged in the resin and address the ear, nose, sometimes in the same manner and extracted the eyes, but pushing them in Tjoifama then stuffed the cavity with linen and attracts eyelids fillers, or put other things in the orbital eye, such as "onion", and sometimes were placed cosmetics on the face or put a wig over the head or between fingertips until the nails do not fall, and address the whole body is molten resin to give the body rigidity and fill pores and then covered with linen body Ballvaúv very neatly, so stick to each other and the body coil with glue. For the coils were covered with a shroud the body heal and then direct the fingers of the hands and feet soft linen shrouds of the head and then very carefully from the right shoulder and then heal the chest, upper limbs and lower limbs in the end.

And during the roll body Ballvaúv was shed resin and paint over the coffins to ensure their adherence to and during each of these operations there was a priest of the recitation of some of the spells, and after the completion of the mummy was placed inside the packaging made ​​of cardboard or wood, then returned to the family. Came the word "mummy "from the Persian origin of the word" mm ", meaning" wax ".. And became a mummy in Arabic.

     

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