Phoenicians Semitic group of assets, a branch of the Canaanites of the Amalekites. Inhabited the coasts of the Mediterranean over 4000 years BC. At specified intervals, dominated most of the Phoenicians on the Mediterranean islands even extended their colonies of Carthage in North Africa to Corsica and southern Spain. Greeks called the inhabitants of this area Balfoanicos (phoinikies), which means Abannvsgiyn because of the color of their clothes and Oqmsthm purple, which are notorious Besbaghtha Almorks of marine shells.
Phoenicians became famous for their alphabet and their writings the most advanced, which relied on the exits of the letters instead of writing such as hieroglyphics and pictorial and cuneiform alphabet was out for each of the contemporary Arabic, Hebrew, Greek and Latin. And will probably be the inhabitants of the coast of Syria, Lebanon, Tunisia and Malta have Phoenician roots
And agreed that the emergence of Phoenician cities due to four thousand years BC. Historians have disagreed in the assets of origin of them said they came from the shores of the Red Sea and some of them Erdjahm to the people of Dilmun in the Persian Gulf. However, they agreed that the Phoenicians were Semitic Canaanites from the heart of Sam son of Noah and linking them to al-Tabari Balamaliq Arab extinct
Henry said that out Rawlیnson Phoenician (Canaanite) of the population of Bahrain, Qatif in the Persian Gulf. Zanoa from there to the coast of the Levant for nearly five thousand years. Arab descent, and they and there names Veniqih Veniqih cities such as Tyre, Byblos and Arwad
Phoenicians established cities on the west coast of the Mediterranean Sea is still to this day full of such images, and Arwad Ugarit, Sidon and Byblos, and others.
The cities of Phoenicia reached its commercial peak of its glory in the thirteenth century BC It was the contacts include marine areas of the ancient world and the whole amounted to a great degree of trade
In the late second millennium BC, continues to control the Aegean to the Mediterranean Sea, allowing the Veniqian to expand their trade in the Navy. And dispersed their ships and then their colonies throughout the Mediterranean
Were interested in areas of Cilicia, Tartous, and there came to Rhodes in front of the beach. Settled in the islands of Crete and "Alsaclad." But they are not more than the Dardanelles in the establishment of the colonies because of the distance. Though their convoys have reached the shores of the Black Sea and Armenia.
In the south, the presence of the Phoenicians; but they did not establish colonies because of the presence of the Egyptians. Has set up warehouses in Memphis, where enjoyed the freedom of trade. And they set up a special Balsurien alive since the twelfth century BC, and established a temple of Astarte
He chose her Alsurion strategically located between the eastern and western basins of the Mediterranean. Related to the African continent by land, sea and the various stations, stores, and the Phoenician colonies in the West. And has become Carthage Carthage or the heir to the city of Tyre after the fall of the latter and formed a business empire became proverbial in the prosperity and progress. It should also be noted that Viniqia Balbonqaan Carthage, dubbed the mixture between the Phoenicians and the indigenous inhabitants of North Africa
And it was the custom that every city of three gods: the God of elderly have the power and wisdom is usually called "Baal" any master, and a goddess of female sophistication and life, and God is a young plant and childbirth
Byblos was a three-Il are elderly and female Jbeil illness and to their part of God the boy Adonis.
In Sidon, Baal-Sidon, was elderly and female and Astrt Ashmoun god boy and his death is celebrated and the mission each year.
The three images composed of the sky god Baal Shamim and Astrt or gods and humans, plants, and Mlgart young young master of the city and its king
And sacrifice when the Phoenicians may be exceeded as of their property has exceeded that to become members of them, or their slaves They were picking someone to be a sacrifice as described in the translation of a monumental inscription Paraiba their waste
In celebration of the death of God, people shave their heads and beat her and live Almanahat and declare mourning in all parts, and the day it is due to say that life has become in the sky
There are traces in the city of Thebes is a pattern to the image of his sons Cadmus knows the alphabet. It is the oldest writings started the Phoenician alphabet inscriptions the tomb of King Ahiram or Jbeil "Byblos". He states that he found traces of Phoenician texts in other countries such as Cyprus, Egypt, Spain, Italy, Tunisia and especially the majority of Mediterranean countries, and were written from right language Alviiqih A to the left. As noted researcher, "Steve Bartalumio" Phoenician establishment on the effects of belonging to Carthage in central Utah in the United States