الجمعة، 21 أكتوبر، 2011

Qin civilization

Civilization is the family of Qin emperors ruled China (221-208 BC)., Has been credited with unifying the country and establish the first real empire. Later gave its name to the country.

Family derived its name from the name of the Qin State Bank, which ended the rule of the family, "Cho." Taking the rulers of the family, "Qin" in the occupation and annexation of the neighboring kingdoms of China have opened their armies areas of "Sichuan", "Yunnan", and "Gecho" in the south, and reached their campaigns until the Red River, "Lanzhou" and Korea in the north.

In the year 221 BC. M took the title of governor, "Shi Huangdi." The unification of the kingdoms, and introduced with each new kingdom, annexing new administrative division, this was to divide based on the new centralized system, as was the bulk of the armies of the various provinces and by recruiting the sons of peasants

Contributed to "Lee" a great deal in the process of new reforms, the man was a follower of the philosophy of legitimacy (which called for strict observance of laws), and disciples of the philosopher, "Han Fei". The country was divided into thirty-six (36) County (then to 42 in the later stage), we set the central government rulers in these provinces, the civil and alone, which was to qualify a person to take positions, not family ties.
 
  Forced the nobles of the former rulers on the migration of their areas of origin and residence in the capital of the empire, the most important steps that have been taken: standardized weights (weights), and units of measurement, currency, wheel diameters and written language. All these units are the same across the entire territory of the empire.

The only thing that marred these reforms is the way authoritarian and totalitarian philosophy official of the State: Acharauah: in 213 BC. M was burning all the books of philosophical schools other, only the books that they absorb the library Empire retained them, were buried thousands of men of science alive for their views , and forced others to hard labor, the "Shi Huangdi" need all the manpower available even built the Great Wall, and protect the northern border of his empire
Died, "Shi Huangdi" in eastern China in 210 BC. AD was buried in the mausoleum in the huge "Lintong", not far from Xi'an (). Could not second emperors of the family, "Qin", which took the title of "R Huangdi" "to stand in the face of crisis that surrounded him: Year 210 BC. M broke the first revolts against the ruling family," Qin ", the heavy taxes imposed and the system of compulsory recruitment of the most important reasons, and the kingdoms of the former, which included a strong, began attracted to the idea of ​​secession again similar to the kingdom "Chu" in the south. broke the empire quickly, but it did not last long emerged as a personal "Liu Bang" which was able to restore the country's unity again and took the the title of "Zou Gao," and was the first rulers of the family, "Han.

The family of "Han" and the subsequent adoption of several strains of the institutions developed by the "Chen", including the penal law firm. Although they did not rule but fifteen years, thanks to this family in giving the geographical area of ​​the Petit-occupied China today is a political state, it remained the shape despite transformations, numerous, and the age for more than two thousand years, and gave the country its name (China is the alteration to the name of Qin).

 

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