Kingdom of Sheba is the ancient kingdom stretched from the shores of the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and included the southern Arabian Peninsula, where Yemen is located in our day and continued until the takeover of the state Ahumairia in the late third century AD, the Kingdom began to flourish around the eighth century BC. M.
Saba has been known for its wealth traded perfumes and pearls, incense and frankincense. It was reported production of perfumes in a variety of sources such as the Old Testament and the Iliad. Saba has stated in the Qur'an, Sura also holds one of her name and that of the many stories about, the most famous story of Bilqis Suleiman, and the story of the great dam and flood Aerm
Created the Kingdom of Sheba before the tenth century BC. M and its capital city of Marib, was able to kings around the middle of the eighth century BC. M from the construction of the dam the famous bridge of Marib and the establishment of commercial relations with the shores of Africa and with countries as far away as India and Greece, and settled Sboaon areas in the Africa, where they set up Memklh subject to them, known as the «Kingdom Aloksom
The national "Christian Ruban," a German archaeologist, that all the evidence and archaeological evidence confirms that the Sabaeans had taken from the area of Marib, the capital of their kingdom, "Sheba" and confined to the territory of Saba in the origin region of Marib, the Kingdom of Sheba expanded during the reign of the famous Lord Oalhawwala in "700 - 680 "BC to include all the western regions of Yemen, and later confined in the regions of Marib and Sana'a, the capital Sabean II, which created about the first century AD
Historical sources say that talk about this civilization: it was like the Phoenician civilization, most commercial activities, these people have dominated the trade routes that pass through the north of the island, the Sabaeans to the traders to take leave of the Assyrian king Sir John the second governor of the region, which lies north of the island , if they want to reach Btgarthm to Gaza and the Mediterranean, or to pay a tax on their business, and when these traders began to pay taxes to the Assyrian king, without their name in the Annals of that region
And Dr "Christian Ruban" provide significant resources from the cultivation of aromatic plants in the desert south of the island, such as chewing gum, which unites in Hadramout in particular and bitter, and some products the Indian and African value that was passing through the Arabian Peninsula, such as gold, ivory, and thyroid gland turtle and various types of precious wood, Saba has imposed itself as a mediator is not a must
He added: "Also in the field of architecture, the polygonal columns and capitals of columns with square sections and decoration Balhz and Almdharusat or decoration of a frieze topped with polished interfaces Moshe in the middle, the decorative and pictorial ammunition also provides a good example of the effect of Sbi
The Marib is the capital of Sheba, and was very rich, thanks to its geographical location, the capital was very close to the River Aldhna that point was the confluence with Mount Belk very suitable for the construction of a dam, used Sbion this feature and built a dam in the area where I grew up civilization, and began practicing irrigation and agriculture, and so arrived at a very high level of prosperity. Marib was the capital of the most prosperous areas in that time. Greek writer Pliny said, who visited the region and Mdhaa to dwell in the said land and it is wide and green
These were important as a symbol of religious authority in Saba, and it was necessary to the people, which included a visit to the State Sabaean temple (Pran), and offerings and vows to the God of Almqh Mr. (Pran), an expression of submission and loyalty to the state Sabean.
In addition, the Temple of Bran of the most famous places of pilgrimage Yemeni and non Yemeni - the Hajj and its rituals and rites own - and the visits of pilgrims take place in certain seasons of each year, there have been pilgrimages collective being during the month (Zibha), while individual pilgrimage season, which is different rites and rituals of Hajj for the collective, it was conducted within a month (The Hobbs
Is still a large part of the effects of Yemen buried under the ground, where archaeologists believe that the removal of the dust may reconsider it in the ancient civilizations. Dr. "Burckhardt Phuket" team leader of the German Institute of Archaeology, who has worked archaeological excavations at the site of the temple during the period, "1988 1997" Team Leader consolidation and maintenance "1998 2000", that the temple developed in the ninth century BC Temple of simple to complex a comprehensive include worship facilities, workshops, and a small kitchen and facilities for the purposes of economic development
Was found during excavations on the dozens of inscriptions and a group of statues, and also found several colors and decorated with stone benches.
According to the report, "Phuket" occupies the temple (Pran), a privileged place among the rest of the temples of God Almqh both those built in Marib, or those located in places far from the present state Sabaean temple Almgah in Sarwah, and the Temple of "Hiran" in Amran, the Temple "Mafm" near of wine, and others
Historical significance lies in the fact that the effects of months of Yemen and the greatest engineering building is the Arabian Peninsula, also lies in the fact that teachers needed constant Sabaean civilization from the beginning through the peak of prosperity, and even moments of collapse and then cracking on impact.
Construction dates back to the eighth century, and probably the seventh century BC, as stated in the inscription is installed on the southern bank building of the dam Almkrb name "Ben-Ata is the theme to", which charted the city of Marib and became a Mcarph the seventh century BC.
Constructive way refers to after engineering an intellectual, he built the dam wall of basis points the valley on the rock (the mother) stones large and Baaloha dam wall above gradually been carving rocks for banks "Sdwin" in the southern side at the foot of Mount Balkh East and the opposite side on the rocks of Mount the northern Balkh and then complete built on the rocks of the mountains Akunan channel connecting two large incision Osfielhma of rock and built interfaces Oalihama thick of large stones Almhendma square ribs, some of which were installed over some cohesion and coherence
Then the king after his son pale Ben expresses. He is not condemning bin expresses bin Qahtan bin Aas bin Ais bin toss bin Hoalkh bin Sam bin Noah and I of his descendants may be Honevs the person in question and the Arab descendants of Hoalkh Bin Sam and Tukdbed novels which appeared in gorgeousness and the end of Ibn many, and God knows
Then the king after his son Ben and Ethel Siksik.
Then the king after bin Al Siksek.
And then jumped on the King of Yemen, a Dhuraash Amer Ben Baran Bin Awf bin donkeys.
Then he got up from the brown and Ethel Nu'man Bin Al Bin Siksik Ben and Ethel bin donkeys and met by the people and expel Amer Ben Baran for the king and took Naman said King Yemen and the title of Noman mentioned Balmaafr for saying: If you Aevert things the ability was HE senior contractor and the contractor: the word collection, who are colored adult actors from Yemen. Then the king after his son Ben Noman Ohmah Almaafr
Then the king after his son Ben a difficult centuries Alraúh Ibn al-Said that Ibn Abbas was asked about a century mentioned by God in his book, Aziz said, is one of the donkeys, a difficult question so Zulkarnain mentioned in the book is difficult Aziz bin Alraúh not mentioned Alexander the turkey .
Then the king after his son with a bin Abraha Al-Manar centuries.
Then the king after his son Ben Avrivs Abraha and then the king after his brother with a Alozar Amr ibn al-Manar
Then the king after his son Alhdhad bin Sharhabeel then possessed after his daughter Bilqis girl Alhdhad and remained in the King of Yemen twenty years old and married Solomon son of David on them peace and the king after her uncle publisher graces bin Sharhabeel It was said that the publisher of the blessings named Malik bin Amr bin Al ibn 'Amr who was born Almantap then King after Ben Shammar Arash publisher graces mentioned and said to Ben Shammar Avrivs'm a Abraha Al-Manar
Then the king after his brother Amr ibn 'Aamir Mazikie Azdi Mazikiee and was told because he was wearing a suit every day if he wanted to enter his council threw out Vmzkt so as not to find one which is worn beyond. And from the date that Hamza Isfahani, who reigned after my father the owner of Ben Shammar mentioned by his son Imran Azdi Aloqrn ibn Abi Malik then the king after a Habshan bin Aloqrn a sign that Bttsm and Agdis
Then the king after his nephew al-Harith ibn 'Amr and converted Jew-Harith said, and the king after him Marthad bin fatigue and then dispersed after the king of donkeys, who became famous after that the king and bunionette bin apostate then King Abraha Al-Sabah, and the king Sban bin Mahrth then king of Amr ibn al-followed and then the king after a Hnatr then the king after him with a pendulum and it was not delivered in a groove Athod flaming fire and was told the owner of the groove.
Then the king after him Dhujdn the last kings of Himyar was a king on what was said two thousand and twenty years, but did not mention for what his each and every one of them for lack of health, therefore, said the dates of nations: not at all dates Osagm from the date of the kings of Himyar did not say which of the large number of Sném with the small number of kings. . ..