Is the name of the Maya civilization of Guatemala and the northern parts of Mexico, where tropical forests, Honduras, El Salvador, these areas are home to the people of the Mayan Indians that culminated years 700 BC.. He was the arrival of the Spaniards and Europeans to the Americas led to the destruction of this civilization.
Features of the Maya civilization has evolved slowly over years and years 700 m 300 m, and called this period, what has been traditional in the life of the Maya. With the beginning of this period, those who speak the Mayan language, live in three adjacent regions of Central America and eastern and southern Mexico
Almioyun was first practiced his sons farming people, and live in small villages scattered in a small roofed houses.
In the eighth century and the nineteenth century, began the Mayan civilization classical decline, and the abandonment of the population of cities in the plains of the Interior, War and the failure of agricultural land to cover the needs of the population and drought, is what is believed to be the cause of its decline, and there is archaeological evidence indicates that war, famine, revolutions, internal ruling class and the nobles prevailed in several parts in the interior.
Spaniards began to control the territory within the limits of the Maya, 1520, and some areas have resisted desperately, and the other kingdoms of the Maya Itza kingdom, was subject to the Spaniards, even in 1697 AD.
The writings of the Maya and the work of graphic Alfiresc (Alavrsk). In western Panama have found traces of gold and pottery, were also found on the tombs of their
Known as the Mayan civilization's writing (hieroglyphics) as defined Calendar 613, and the Mayan year 18 months 20 days each month. The addition of years 5 days mismanage the exercise of religious rites.
Knew the account was a sophisticated division points and five units of rod Twenty-Hilal and were taking forms of human and animal numerical units
Did not know Maya vehicles with the calf did not use animals to carry the weight but they were carrying to trade on their backs, combined with a rope hanging over the chest or front or take them in small boats, coastal waters and rivers are made of hollow trunks of the trees after their discharge from the drilling
The animals llamas, dogs, the main crop was corn, beans and Alavakado, chilies, papaya, pineapple and cocoa, as well as they grow potatoes and tomatoes, and eucalyptus trees, coca
Cocoa drink was a favorite after the addition of water and a hot pepper, and a woman grinding corn Barahy stone and made him a favorite drink or Takbzh Kkaakh over the hot slab of clay
Comfort during work were making stone tools, clay figurines and small and engraved gems and Ajdlon the ropes and make baskets and mats. The women made pottery with colored filaments wrapped in mud and woven from cotton fibers gowns, shirts, supportive men Estrua by their nakedness. They use the bark of wild fig trees as wallpaper, which was used in ceremonial purposes
The kings are called title Colaho k'ul ahau and meaning of the ruling Grand and the Bible because the king had a political and religious power. The kings ruled by a hereditary ruling council, but their power collapsed after the emergence of the religious establishment, which was for the priests in their authority, was to rule all The King of town is the priest
Community was mostly Mayan peasants Khrajhm villagers perform two thirds of the ruling class and fun to work with them, and the women and Emctun Aitiln their hair and hairstyle were characterized class of women in society, and be wearing embroidered blouses and Kelchibat
Communities were living Mayan tribal settlements and their heads were also hereditary rulers, and they were ruled by their political and spiritual abilities, where he was believed to have the ability to communicate super natural powers. And their families were among those representing the upper class. And there was a general council of the wise men and the tribes comprising the heads of tribes to manage their own affairs, political and religious
The observations of astronomers predict Tbasharham events and happy hours in their life, especially for agriculture or war. Pyramids and mound-like hills, made of stones and rubble above the summit altars altars or thatched temples, were placed in the heart of the settlements to the priests offer sacrifices sacrifices to the gods above. This set up a large pyramids at the site of El Mirador Almirador in the lowlands of Guatemala, and one of the huge buildings of the ancient Maya
300 m in the year. Featured traditional civilization of the Maya people, and has become a complex civilization since 300 m - 900 m, where the major cities of the independent city politically and Banic Tikal and Piedras and Ngrass and Kuban. And he was the king of the rule of every city is a priest. Referees had their pictures embossed on ICQ No stelae (see: Stella) of the rock, carrying weapons and trying to capture each other to bring a sacrifice to the sacrificial ritual and political purposes. They are destroying parts of the cities, especially the frontier festive temples, but this was not affecting the population and the economy in the same city.
In the low-lying areas the land of the Maya built large cities and stable where she inhabited who were paying tribute in the form of goods or work in the construction of temples, palaces, courtyards, water tanks and bridges the top above the swamp, and they conceal in their hearts and digging ceilings, floor and walls Bmona paste limestone red. The sculptors engraved on stone columns and news history of the families of the rulers and their wars and victories there
The multiple gods of the Maya god was the Great (Hounnap ku) Creator of the world, and was the most important gods. And God (Aetzmna) sky god of the heavens and the owner of the day and night, and sends rain and the patron of writing and medicine, and his worship was confined to the priests, and his appearance is to support the royal family and supporting it. And the God of corn (plant) (on Cox) and the gods of the four gods of rain Chx. God and all of them refers to one side of the four cardinal a cardinal direction and has a special color. The women work crew builds a god of the rainbow (X cripple), which was linked to healing and the birth of children and breast-feeding.
Almioyun was practicing rituals and celebrations of the Mass for the residents of these gods in the first year Mayan in July or in a state of emergency as in famines and droughts, epidemics and drought. They were gathered in a public square to honor the gods and put the feathers above the doors of the arena. The groups of men and women put their clothes over their heads and feathers, bells, small hands and feet when the rhythm of the dance arena drums and flutes and the sounds of trumpets. The worshipers were drinking a popular beverage, and some participants were taking LSD of human sacrifice
Was the ultimate honor of Maya offering human victims of children and slaves and prisoners of war. The victim was painted blue and killed over the top of the pyramid in the ceremonial ritual to beat him with arrows until death or after restriction forearms and legs, while the priest find his chest with a sharp knife is a sacred stone flint to clinch the heart to give an offering, and the leaders were prisoners of the enemy brought a victim after you kill them with axes central ceremony of the ritual ..