'Mesopotamia or Mesopotamia (Mesopotamia) (in Greek Μεσοποταμία, "Misoپautamaa", ie Mesopotamia) Mesopotamia in southwestern Asia were among the first centers of civilization in the world. It is located currently in Iraq between the Tigris and the Euphrates. The most famous civilizations of Sumer and Akkad is, Babylon, Assyria and the Chaldeans, which originated from Iraq.
The Sumerians are responsible for the culture of the first there and then spread north to the Upper Euphrates, the most important Sumerian cities that have arisen at the time of the Yezidi izd Perhaps this is due to the Yazidi religion is currently in Iraq and Kish, and Larsa, Ur and Literature. In the year 2330 BC. M. They seized the Acadians of the Semitic peoples were among the country between Alnehrbn was the first king Sargon (2335 BC. M. --2 279 BC. M.) Founded the kingdom of Akkad and replaced Akkadian language replaced Sumerian. Acadians remained the rule until the drop Jawtyon in 2218 BC. M. They are tribes of the eastern hills. After a while the back of the third era of the city of Ur and the rule of most of Mesopotamia
Early Mesopotamia (around mid 4th millennium BC) cuneiform writing was invented. Cuneiform literally means "wedge-shaped", due to the Party of the triangle used to compress the pen marks on wet clay. Standardized form of each cuneiform sign appear that the evolution of the illustrations. The first ones (7 panels old) come from any - Anna very sacred courtyard dedicated to the goddess Inanna in Uruk, Level III, the building was described as a temple (c) of Hvar
At the time of Babylon, there were libraries in most towns and temples; such as Sumerian is "he who would excel in school clerks must wake up with the dawn." Women as men have learned to read and write, and Babylon Semitic, that included Marafhllgh extinct Sumerian, clips complex and intense
There are many Babylonian literary works that Anoaneha known to us. One of the most famous of these is an epic of Gilgamesh, in twelve books, translated from the original Sumerian by Sen - Liq - Aoninna, and arranged on the basis of order. Each section contains a story of adventure and one in the function of Gilgamesh. The whole story is the product of a compound, it is likely that some of the stories an added artificially to the central motif.
Babylonian astronomers were very interested in studying the stars and the sky, and most of them can predict the pre-coup the solar and lunar eclipses. I think people that everything had a purpose in astronomy. Most of these related to religion and omens. Astronomers in Mesopotamia had put a timetable of 12 months based on the cycles of the moon. Divided the year into two seasons: summer and winter. The emergence of astronomy, astrology, as well as Aerkh of this time
In time, Greyhound and Barthe, astronomical reports were of a scientific nature accurately; is uncertain how many previously developed their knowledge and their methods have been developed. Babylonian development of methods to predict the movements of the planets is a key link in the history of astronomy.
Astronomer Babylonian only known that the support form the sun - a central movement of the planets was Seleucus of Seleucia (190 BC Seleucus is known from the writings of Plutarch. Is supported the theory of a central sun as the Earth spins on its axis, which in turn revolve around the sun. And according to Plutarch, Seleucus system has demonstrated the sun - a central, but it is not known what arguments he used
Use the people of Mesopotamia Steny two tenths numeral system (base 60). This is the source of the current hour, consisting of 60 minutes and 24 hours a day, as well as the circle of 360 degrees. Sumerian calendar also measured weeks of seven days per week. This mathematical knowledge was used in making maps
Along with medicine ancient Egypt today, the Babylonians introduced the concepts of diagnosis, expectations of medical, physical examination, and prescription. In addition, the diagnostic manual methods of treatment, treatment and aetiology and the use of the experimental method, logic and rationality in diagnosis, expectations and treatment. Text contains a list of medical symptoms and there are often detailed empirical observations along with logical rules used in the combination of symptoms Almlouhza on the body of the patient with the diagnosis and prognosis
Esagil - Ken - apli discovered a variety of ailments and diseases, and symptoms described in the Guide to the diagnosis. These include the symptoms for many varieties of epilepsy and related ailments in addition to their diagnosis and prognosis
The people of Mesopotamia invented many techniques including metal and brass works, glass and making lamps, textiles, flood control, water storage and irrigation
The oldest type of pumps is the Archimedes screw (mandolins), the first is used by Sennacherib, king of Assyria, to water systems in the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and Nineveh in the seventeenth century BC, and later described in more detail by Archimedes in the third century BC. Later during the Sassanid Empire or Parthia, have been making a battery of Baghdad, which may be the first batteries, in Mesopotamia
Although the belief described above has been in circulation among the people of Mesopotamia, there were also regional differences. The Sumerian word for that is that - so, which refers to the god and goddess Ki Ann. Their son was Enlil, the god of the air. They believe that god Enlil was the most powerful deity. Was the chief god of the gods or Pantheon group, as was the Zeus of the Greeks and the Romans had Jupiter. Sumerians also posed philosophical questions, such as: Who are we?, Where are we?, How we got here?. They tied the answers to these questions to explanations provided by the gods
Some of the songs written for the gods but many were written to describe important events. Although the music and songs were entertaining kings, was also enjoyed by ordinary people who love to sing and dance in their own homes or in the market. Songs were sung to children who were Amrrunha to their children later. Thus songs were passed through several generations to be written by someone. These songs provided a means to scroll through the centuries very important information about the historical events that eventually reached the contemporary historians.
Oud is an ancestor of the lute Eurovision machine name is derived from the Arabic lute 'wood', which is probably the name of the tree that was making them lute. (Name in Arabic, with the definite article, is the source of the word 'lot'.)
Hunting was popular among Assyrian kings. Boxing, wrestling show in fees in many cases, and a form of polo was probably popular, with men sitting on the shoulders of other men rather than on horses. They also played "Major", a game similar to rugby, but they play a ball made of wood. They also played a game similar to the game Alcinat the table, now known as "the royal game - Acsplo
Most of the boys were studying the profession of their father or were Eptdúa to learn the profession by Abbaah. Girls had to stay home with their mothers to learn housekeeping and cooking, and to care for younger children. Some of the children were helping to crush the grain, or cleaning birds. In something unusual for this time of history, women in Mesopotamia have had rights. Had a right to own property, and if they have good reason, to obtain a divorce
King Sargon, for example conquered all the cities of Sumer, some cities in Mari, and then went to war with Syria, many of the walls of the Babylonian palaces decorated with images of successful battles and the enemy, whether desperately escaping, or hiding among the reeds. King in Sumer, Gilgamesh, was thought to be two-thirds god and one-third and only one human being. There are legendary stories and poems with him, which passed for many generations, because he has a lot of adventures, which was believed to be very important, and won many wars and battles