الأحد، 23 أكتوبر، 2011

The pyramid of Pharaoh Zoser

Pyramid of Saqqara the oldest stone building known royal tomb and the first in history, built between 2737 - 2717 BC. M. Located in South Saqqara, Giza at a distance of a mile from the cliff Saqqara. Originally designed for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by the Minister Amahotb in the form of six terraces above the tunnel descends to the burial site. Over the six changes in the pyramid scheme before the completion of its present form.

This pyramid is the first building known memorial is made of stone anywhere in the world. As is clear from its name, it is a series of six levels of stone decreasing in size until it reaches to a height 62 meters (200 feet). And a rectangular base, measuring 390-350 feet. Until that time, the terrace is the main form of tomb architecture and architecture. Pyramid originally began Kmustbh the runway, and was the original vision may not be as much as a pyramid to be a series of terraces, decreasing in size, and stack on top of each other.

 Exterior
Most of the outer shell of the pyramid you go. On some points, the main sections of the building disappeared as well. It is clear that there were different stages of construction. Shows the best form of the pyramid of the east side.

After the end of the construction of the third stage, the process of making it a true pyramid. More than 200,000 tons of stone used to build additional Almustptin figs and placed above the existing four, with a maker than a pyramid of six degrees. And then was added the face of white limestone. On the north side of the pyramid, keep a few blocks from the cover.
 
The internal structure
 
The king's burial chamber built of granite. During the exploration period of 1924-1926, was found on the Statue of Djoser in the burial chamber. The statue was distorted, but it is coherent, and is now displayed in the Cairo Museum.

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