الأحد، 23 أكتوبر، 2011

Pharaoh Ramses II

Ramses II was the third pharaoh of the family ninth century. Ruled Egypt for 66 years from 1279 BC. M. Until 1212 BC. M. (Or 1290 BC. M. --1 224 BC. M..) Rose

To power in his early twenties. By the thought that he lived until he became 99 years old, but it most likely died in the early Tsainath. Book the ancient Greeks (like Herodotus) attributed his accomplishments to the semi-legendary King Sizostris. Some believe that the Pharaoh of the Jews from Egypt. If he had ascended the throne in 1279 BC. M., As many Egyptologists, it was on May 31, 1279 BC. M. Based on the Egyptian history of ascending to the throne of the third month of the season chemo on 27.

Ramses II was the son of Seti I and Queen Tuya. Months of his wives was Nefertari. Among the other wives Isis and Maat Novrt Poplar Navarro Ra, Princess Khatti. The number of children about 90 daughter and a son. Sons of them was: Bntanat security and Merritt (princesses and the wives and fat), and Pharaoh Stnacht Mrn
پtah (left) and Prince Khaúmust.

Like most of the pharaohs, Ramses was the number of names. The most important two of them: Royal Lase and its original name hieroglyphs show top to the right. And those names written in Arabic as follows: Ra Ra collected and walk Stپ N, Ra Miss Sue Marie security, and their meaning: "a strong and Maat-Ra, Ra Mustafa, the Spirit of Ra, beloved of Amun." Recital in the version of the Treaty of Peace with the male above Hatossells third, that the name of the Pharaoh appears as follows: The Hmoara Stپnra Ramch dextropositioned. And some Egyptologists believe that this speech must be regarded as the closest pronunciation to the name of the pharaoh

The calculations of astronomers in ancient Egypt, says that the combination of the emergence of the star which determines the arrival of a flood of the Nile with the planets that determine the start of religious year and the beginning of the agricultural year is not happening only once every 1461 years and that this association trio, expecting an important event will happen on the ground, and was Ramses II often boasts that this pairing happened in in 1317 BC. m and that the important event is the birth in in 1315 BC. m (Book Ramses the Great Author Ratavrd. p. 24) and flood the year before his birth was a full and thickly flooded the country prosperous, and filled grain houses and joy pervaded the hearts, as well as the record of Ramses II his pride that he was born of God (Amon) reincarnation of the same body (City I) Vonjbh of the Queen (Toya) and his mother.

Behind Ramses II and his father Seti I in power in BC in 1290. M and a number of factors helped him to impose his fame to date:
1 - his father and his participation in the government gaining political and military experience.
2 - Crown rule a young man full of enthusiasm and hopes Thdoh wide.
3 - the length of his sentence of 67 years.
4 - inherited from his father, a strong country with a richer spectrum.
5 - if any of his men, civilians and military support for all its work.
6 - addressing the Hittites are the largest military force in his time
Was fond of perpetuating his memory and to glorify himself, and so built a large number of temples, palaces, obelisks and statues, more than any other governor before.
8 - formed in his new capital for Egypt named after him (Broamsso) any house of Ramses and became one of the most important capitals of the ancient Near East.

The usual - if the work of a statue of a Lafraain was felt to portray his sons with him - to be the size of a small place and standing next to the feet of their father, and this is what we see in many of the statues and what we see in the statues of Ramses II on the front of the temple of Abu Simbel, we do not find a statue of Ramses II is represented by children standing next to my feet, and his father's (Seti I) perhaps it was felt since childhood that he (the largest) (or greater) that depicts Thus, the statue's unique arrived to us is represented by a child sitting cross-legged, and his successor, the god Horon (allegedly) Authority falcon-headed for the god Horus, while Ramses II shame of clothing, but it puts the sun disk on his head and uraeus on his forehead, and puts a finger of his right hand over his mouth with a smile light that characterizes most of his statues while holding in his left hand package plant a symbol of Egypt and the Nile, while in another statue represented a young man portrayed himself and Khvlh God (Sotak) was protected by Sotak, such as the god in the form of a hybrid animal with a crocodile, and in another phase of his youth, portraying himself as standing up and protecting him from behind the ram - the symbol of the god Amun.

In fact, the City first began to involve his son Ramses II in its affairs while he was still in the age of ten and declared the crown prince at the age of thirteen, and then left him a partner in King a few years later, and the effect of this cost by doing some of the responsibilities of the state and its affairs such as setting up buildings, etc., this was the coronation at the hands of the god Amun in the presence of pharaoh and his father's (Seti I) and recorded in the Temple of Seti I Balqrna, he scored his coronation second in the city of Heliopolis at the hands of god (Atom) and the text on one of the walls of the Temple of Seti I is Ramses II Bnakech to pride himself He says:

(Raising my business Lord of the universe itself - means the god Ra (allegedly) - since I was a child to become governor, gave me the land and I am in the egg and before the great dust in front of my face, and then appointed As the eldest son prince of genetically to the throne and you're older reports on the status of terrestrial as a leader pedestrian and wheels, and what appeared to my father in his glory in front of people and I was a kid said to the people: the property until the perfected splendor I certify I am alive!!.

 Ramses II was added to the title, especially adjectives such as:
(Meri-Ra) any loved Ra.
(Tate Ra) any image Re.
(Oau Ra) any legacy of Re.
(Stepan Ra) of any selected Ra.
And after going through the sentences after the death of his father chose the title (the mystery of Maat Ra Ra sixtieth) any (strong Ra Ra justice and mayor) and the renunciation of all other attributes.

The inscription on the temple during the reign of Seti I, and before him is a way (the relief) remained Ramses II followed in the early years of his reign but after a while found that the intaglio can be accomplished quickly and it kept the time of the relief follow this method and then after going through governance inscriptions all but wiped out and a bit of inscriptions and figures and his father returned Banakec interna, which can easily find on the walls of temples built by.

There are three scenes in the Temple City Baerabh buried fee where Ramses as the crown prince, are smaller than the image of his father Seti I, but that the sight of the coronation drawn by Ramses II, two years after the incident, crowning himself, who wanted to commemorate the event itself, we find it has been traced in the same same size who painted him and his father's City and the size of three gods who held the ceremony in Houdrthm and despite the fact that this ceremony was a young (15 years) and a participation in the government with his father does not lead at governance - which shows a trend in which older and looked it was not allowed to carved his image in this scene in particular - as it is imposed - the size is smaller than the size of the father or the gods who were with him!

 There are panel dated the third year of his reign - were written under its authority, or at least inspired it - and where addressed by courtiers, saying: We have drawn up plans when I was still in the egg and in the function of a child prince, and was received you the country's affairs when I was a boy show cum plexu, and did not run out the impact of If you do not under Sultank, but did not interrupt the order you learn and you head the army since I was a child in the tenth.

There Sman on the south side of the Hall of Mayors great Karnak represent the celebration of the valley's annual, and it depicts Ramses II, which is the function of the Pharaoh at the same time a priest more, while his father walking in the parade of the ship of the Holy, and this indicates that participation in the government with his father and suggests further that his father left him, many authorities

Ramses II and wanted to confirm that it sheds on all facilities, he says about himself: (No effect was not completed under the Royal), it confirms the rule during the reign of the building and that he had a key role in the design of the buildings erected.

J in 1290 BC. M took the rule of Ramses II on his own, has identified some 27 of the third month called (chemo) (June) as the date for the official coronation. It was the coronation in Memphis the capital of Egypt's political and administrative, which lies at the confluence of Upper and Lower Egypt, and delivered from the gods stick square and whip and are a symbol of power and put the crown on his head (Fig. 127) and the royal cobra on his forehead to protect it and destroy his enemies and thus became Ramses II is (Horus), the new god embodied the country's ruler. In return, receive eternal life and power always and then announced the names of Ramses II Honorary all over the country.

Wares bull strong. Lovable (Maat)
- A descendant of the gods. Protector of Egypt. Compelling foreign countries.
- Golden Horus. With the many years. Great victories.
- King of Upper and Lower Egypt. Strong in the right (the USSR. Maat. Ra).
- I (Ra) of Ramses. Lovable (Amon).
In the second year of his sixtieth added the word Ra (ie, the chosen of Ra) became his full name (USSR Maat-Ra - Ra sixtieth) and then added other titles Tmgideh disclose his tendency Altaazemih (Ramses the Great - Rita individual. P. 31).

And what distinguishes it from the ambitious and subtle political activity and has started since he took the throne - and even before that - to put his mark on each place as we shall see later Anchaouath deployed in all the cities of Egypt and Nubia.

 The pharaoh was - in his capacity as ruler of the country - is a priest of the god (Amon) and the rest of the gods, but this is not merely a recipe honorary while the one of the priests do rituals required by the function priest the first of the god (Amon) in celebration of the Ramses II has in this celebration of the role of high priest himself, something not done by one of Lafraain before it happened that the post of high priest of the god (safe) that is free, and has not set one in the chair empty, and led the religious ceremonies required by this ceremony, wearing a robe priests and fur on over clothing property, and the work of the registration in the inscription written on it: the priest the first of the god (Amon), king of the South and the North Rameses II Giver of life (Salim Hassan ancient Egypt Part 2, p. 477) and after completing the ceremony chose the priest (guilt, plucking) to serve as priest the first of the god Amon, although it was not from a range of Amun in Thebes, but the High Priest of middle Egypt, and attributed the Ramses this choice to the wishes of the god (Amon) himself and then returned from a well in his boat Royal stopped to wed the news himself to the priest (Neb and Nnf) and then continued walking in the Nile until he reached the capital and Rameses and log GNP and Nnf - gratitude in the body of which he says is directed to speak to pharaoh.

 Was Ramses II in sixteen years old when he married Nefertari Munmut was to beautiful city of good going on in the veins of royal blood, or of a family no less nobility of the family of Ramses II and remained the wife's main even after he married another, and was nicknamed Princess genetic Lady of Egypt the top and bottom and a woman of any earthly king on an equal footing, which was known as the master of earthly.

And his wife was carrying and giving birth and given to the generator name, but not soon to die, repeat this several times, in the nineteenth Rizk Bold called (Khamoa six I) did not live only a few months and then died, and was born a year later (Amon Khrkhbashv I) were soon that died as well, and repeated this several times.

This is still a crown prince. Then took over officially at the age of 23, and repeated births and deaths of newborns, this happens medically, as was the mother carrying the virus Cytomegalo virus CMV, as born children have caught the virus from the mother and cause of death in children at an early age, and probably he explained that the (air good) does not suit his wife and perhaps this was one of the reasons for his thinking in the transfer of capital to the Lower, or he thought that (the curse of evil) had hit him in his children.

Like any father in such a situation has turned to the gods Istatafha and kneel before it and present sacrifices and hopes it to live his sons Fenrah kneel before the god (Thoth) offers his incense, and compare this (modesty) clearly in during his coronation) by the gods (Horus) and (six) have been drawing the same size as the same gods, and had to make the populated stands on a piece of stone not to be forced because the leans during the development of the crown it! In one we see sculptures offers flowers to the gods (Horus and Horus Miem Baki and Horus Bohn) (the god Horus to associate three different regions) and in the other we see carved kneeling offers bread and wine and bird offerings to the god (Amon) in the form of a man with a hawk. In sculpture we see other offers statue (Maat) to the god (Thoth) Ashmunein Lord, and so did not leave God in the north or the south, and only asked him to keep his sons.

 Then I started to hesitate on his wife Nefertari temples, pleading with the gods are hereafter to live their children. We see it in the form of (136) provide flowers and fruit of the gods (and St. Khnum and scolded). In the sculpture again saw it in front of god (Thoth) and in the last we see offer flowers to the goddess (Hathor) in the form of the cow and carved another painted it the dance ritual and provides a high priest a bundle of wheat for the bull (Kahj) (a manifestation of the god "Min"), and statues kings ancestors at the bottom of the picture and bull Kahj represents the power and the bully and youth, and the only explanation for the development of these fees in one panel but pleading with the gods to have their children in such strength and youthfulness bull Kahj to live and become her sons kings like it was for the ancestors.

We note that Ramses II was the elect and his wife the gods that have a relationship with fertility, motherhood, young people and the power which that can bring them to their demands, Valelh (Min) is the greatest God who was worshiped in the region of Akhmim and Thebes and Armant, he was representing, led by two blades Aalitan, raising his right arm and holding the whip of branches and a triangle standing upright as it was considered a god of fertility and women who steal Mr. virgins and the legends tell his mother that he had the most fertile!! He is also the god of fertility of the land and the worship of the harvest is abundant, as well as the choice of Nefertari of the goddess (Hathor) to worship them, they are women goddesses, the goddess of love is of God Merry favorite in women and they call it (gold) and called on the Greek (Aphrodite). The women celebrate the establishment of ballroom dancing, singing and playing Balsajat and Alchkchkh Baklaúdhen and playing the tambourine, a mother to the son of God is (EGY), but it is also a symbol of motherhood and the many children, have called the people to their daughters (Alhathorat seven) and who were Ihaman children and Atenbon the future of every new born baby .
 During the reign of Ramses II, and found evidence on the activity of the Egyptians along the 300 km along the Mediterranean coast, at least until the angle or marble. [10] Despite the lack of clarity of the events minute surrounding the construction of castles and forts of coastal, he must have been a degree of control political and military area to allow construction.

The campaigns of Ramses II of the First Cataract to the south of Nubia. When he was at the age of 22, was accompanied in these campaigns and one of his sons Monday, in addition to Amun - cat - Khپishv. By the reign of Ramses, the Nuba colony for two hundred years, but it was re-occupied in inscriptions from the Temple of Ramses II, who built Viphet Governor | Governor's house, [8] (which was the subject of the work of the Institute of Oriental Studies during the campaign to save Nubia in the sixties), [9] گrv Hussein and Kalabsha in Nubia. On the southern wall of the Institute of Governor's house, showing Ramses II on the bandwagon of war, participants in the battle against the Nubians, while the back of his sons Monday Amon - cat - and Khپishv Haúmost behind him, in other military vehicles.

 After the reign of 30 years, joined the group of Ramses II to the kings of Egypt's longest-lived. As was customary, in the thirtieth year of sitting on the throne, celebrated Ramses Jubilee sitting and called Holiday Dam, and it becomes King ideologically in this celebration to the god. [11] In the middle of his sixth and sixty (66), was Ramses may Bz most of the greatest Pharaohs of Egypt in the achievements. Ramses II has achieved peace, and able to secure the Egyptian border, and commends the significant number of the great monuments throughout the country. And in his reign, Egypt became stronger and more prosperous than they were a century ago, he took the throne. When he became the god of Ramses II, dramatically changed not only in his capacity as governor of Egypt, but for the rule of his eldest son, Amon - HR Hپsv. In his capacity as Crown Prince and Commander and Chairman of the Egyptian armies, his son became ruler in every sense of the word.

Has been detected cemetery in 1904 by Italian (Askia Parilla), lucky to find her after that buried under the sand by the time and had a tomb raiders had preceded him to it and stole the treasures not leave behind only the coffin lid, which carries the name (Nefertari) - and a necklace the queen and her shoes and some figurines, and part of her body is the legs - and perhaps the priests had neglected in the process of mummification Fathllt body was left of them is the legs because it is not reasonable to steal parts of the body, has charge of all this in a ship to Turin, where he built there is the first Museum of Antiquities Egyptian in the world (Museum of Turin)

  If we go back to the cemetery itself, we find that the ceiling of the tomb represents the dome of blue, and the stars bright, and before reaching the burial chamber there is a room with a table to be placed upon the Eucharist, and on the walls, inscriptions religious book of the dead, then the image of the Queen kneeling worship of the sun, as seen God (Thoth) in the form of the bird heron, and on the other walls we see pictures of the Queen in front of a number of gods: the god (Auxerre) god of the Hereafter, and (Hawwarechtay) goddess of the West. In the opinion of the goddess (Isis) takes her hand and led to the god (news) the sun god, and portrayed the Queen of the calf worship sacred cows and the seven divine.

In the Museum of Brussels there is a piece of a statue of the Queen written by some of the titles are rare, such as Princess Almamdouhh much, Lady Fitness, comfort of love, a skilled hand in the beating Alsajat, sweet talking and singing, the wife of the king's great and his sweetheart (Nefer Tari Mrnmot) Alaaúhh like the sun never

Ramses was buried in the Valley of the Kings, in the cemetery kv7, but the mummy was transferred to Treasury mummies in the Deir el-Bahari, where I discovered in 1881 and moved to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, after five years, is still reserved as shown and pride of the Egyptians. Ramses was a rise in stature 170 cm, making it the tall standards of his time. Medical examinations on the mummy show the effects of red hair or dyed. It is believed that he suffered from severe rheumatoid arthritis in recent years of age, and also suffered from diseases of the gums.

And when he died was a 90 years or more, he had reached the age of weakness in which bone is capable of movement and proven tests that were to him during his treatment Onhecan suffering from severe pain in the mouth, inflammation prevents him even from Almhye Mtnzin without a stick leaning them and also known to be involved his son with him in power in the late days, such as what each of the Pharaohs before so doing, it is impossible to imagine that this king with such health conditions to be able to ride the wheel of war and the prosecution of the children of Israel.


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