الأحد، 23 أكتوبر، 2011

Rosetta Stone

Rosetta Stone Rosetta Stone is a stone engraved with hieroglyphic texts and Damutqah and Greek, was the key to solving the mystery of writing Heroglafah, called the Rosetta stone because he discovered the city located on the mouth of the Rosetta branch of River Nile in the Mediterranean.
 
Discovered by a French officer on July 19, 1799 during the French campaign was carved in 196 BC. M. This stone royal decree was issued in the city of Memphis in 196 BC. M. The priests issued in commemoration of Ptolemy V. Accordingly, three languages ​​and hieroglyphic Aldemutqah (Coptic and modern language intended for the ancient Egyptians) and Greek. At the time of his discovery of the mystery of language to Ivsr hundreds of years ago. Because the three languages ​​was the time of the dead languages​​.
 
  Until he came to the French scientist Jean-Francois Champollion and interpreted these languages ​​after the matched text Greek and hieroglyphic texts of the other. This indicates that these languages ​​were prevalent during the reign of the Ptolemaic Greeks of Egypt for more than 150 years. The hieroglyphic language spoken in holy temples. And demotic language was the language of popular writing (Egyptian colloquial

The ancient Greek was the language of the rulers and the Greeks had been translated into Greek in order to understand. He was content to write in praise of Pharaoh's Egypt and the achievements of the good priests and the people of Egypt. And have been written by priests to read the public and private senior Egyptian and the ruling class. The British scientist Thomas Young discovered that the FD hieroglyphic writing consists of a sound semantics
 
Property and that the names written inside ovals cartridges. This discovery led to the break the French scientist Jean-Francois Champollion hieroglyphic symbols. , And Champollion was able to decode the hieroglyphics in 1822. Because the Greek text is from 54 lines and easy to read, making it distinguishes the names of the Ptolemaic rulers written in colloquial Egyptian

 In this disclosure to identify open horizons for the civilization of the ancient Egyptians Olgazha decryption, and translation of sciences after the revival of their language after Muatha over the centuries. And became hieroglyphics and Ibhaddatha taught anyone who wants to study Egyptology. And stone taken from the British, the French forces, and put him in the Museum of London. The city of Rashid, took its name from the name Pharaonic "Rkhitt" In the Coptic period it became the "Rchit" The Rosetta Stone is a stone stone black basalt dating to 196 BC. M and recorded by the minutes of the inauguration of the priests of King Ptolemy V and the recognition by the king of the country has priests in the city of Memphis recording this important occasion on a stone of black basalt type three languages ​​were used in Egypt at that time, the GATT is the hieroglyphic and demotic (the Coptic language and intended to write the modern to the ancient Egyptians) and Greek (ancient Greek).
 
He was content to write in praise of the new Pharaoh of Egypt, Ptolemy V of the Ptolemies and record accomplishments for the good priests and the people of Egypt. And have been written by priests to read the public and private senior Egyptian and the ruling class
 
He called this stone as the Rosetta Stone because it is discovered near a branch of the Nile when the Nile Delta Barashid named Rosetta Stone is the stone which was announced to the world history of the Pharaohs Egypt

 In this disclosure to identify open horizons for the civilization of the ancient Egyptians Olgazha decryption, and translation of sciences after the revival of their language after Muatha over the centuries. And became hieroglyphics and Ibhaddatha taught anyone who wants to study Egyptology. And stone taken from the British, the French forces, and put him in the Museum of London. The city of Rashid, took its name from the name Pharaonic "Rkhitt" In the Coptic period it became the "Rchit" The Rosetta Stone is a stone stone black basalt dating to 196 BC. M and recorded by the minutes of the inauguration of the priests of King Ptolemy V and the recognition by the king of the country has priests in the city of Memphis recording this important occasion on a stone of black basalt type three languages ​​were used in Egypt at that time, the GATT is the hieroglyphic and demotic (the Coptic language and intended to write the modern to the ancient Egyptians) and Greek (ancient Greek).
 
He was content to write in praise of the new Pharaoh of Egypt, Ptolemy V of the Ptolemies and record accomplishments for the good priests and the people of Egypt. And have been written by priests to read the public and private senior Egyptian and the ruling class
 
He called this stone as the Rosetta Stone because it is discovered near a branch of the Nile when the Nile Delta Barashid named Rosetta Stone is the stone which was announced to the world history of the Pharaohs Egypt

 It is believed that this stone was part of the huge monument, or from one of the temples, when the Arab Muslims in need of stones they demolish temples and churches to take the stones to Ancathm war or even build their mosques have been engraved on this stone the texts of three in three different languages ​​and Hendma saw the officer «Bouchard» knew immediately extracting, so he importance of the wall and isolated individually. Then sent to the engineer of bridges and roads «Michel Ange Lancry» a bystander, was in the city of «rational» and asked him to help him to understand the significance of this stone and its importance. , And other decoding of hieroglyphics, ancient, but they did not get to solve its symbols and therefore disclose all of Egyptian history, a Maady that became famous this stone and the city of Rosetta relative to the place where this stone was discovered

 The French campaign in Egypt issued newspaper read by all the French army aspiration discoveries scientific, historical, religious and other news declaring newspaper forces campaign "to Akurien Degpt" the news of this discovery, the historical importance and asked whether the presence of writing Greek, that appear to be a translation of the text of the Egyptian can give us the key to to read the hieroglyphs
 
The Rosetta Stone was the key to solving mystery of hieroglyphics had engaged the French scientist Champollion long study of these inscriptions on stone

She was the first attempt to decode this stone by Swedish diplomat Thomas Ocirbel the world in the year 1920, which defines the name of Ptolemy and some other letters, and the British scientist Thomas Laing PhD discovered that writing is the hieroglyphic characters of the votes. Property and that the names written inside ovals perhaps called Egyptologists name cartridges, but he made ​​a mistake in the acoustic properties of these symbols. Even reach the world the French Champollion to decipher the ancient Egyptian language by matching letters to each other, especially names and this discovery led to the break the French scientist Jean-Francois Champollion (1790 AD - 1832 AD), hieroglyphic symbols. And was able to Champollion decipher hieroglyphics in 1822. Because the Greek text is from 54 lines

 And was able to Champollion deciphered because he knew Coptic language is at an early age Vtabgaha in Greek on the stone and then characterized the names of the Ptolemaic rulers written in colloquial Egyptian was able to get several letters and by matching them with some other names came to Letters Coptic and consequently Letters hieroglyphic was used by the Pharaohs of Egypt
 
Once briefed the archaeologists and history even set off on a very avid to discover the world's greatest civilization known to mankind in ancient history
 
. And Champollion famous scientists and researchers to collect material for his research which is still a professor of history at the University of Grenoble, and then in 1826 became responsible for the Department of Egyptian Antiquities in the Louvre. And in 1828 sent on a mission to Egypt to study the inscriptions written on the records of Egyptian antiquities. And in 1831 was appointed professor at the Collège Dovranc, the highest French scientific institution, the highest of the Sorbonne. Of the most important books: (1) a summary of the language hieroglyph, (2) messages are written in Egypt and Nubia, and the effects of Egypt and Nubia, (3) the rules of the ancient Egyptian language, (4) Dictionary of Egyptian language and hieroglyphics - and we note here that the professor of history French Champollion may love the Coptic language and learned and mastered this knowledge has helped him to decipher the language of the pharaohs

The transfer of the stone to London under the terms of the Treaty of 1801 between the English and French, and now is one of the most important artifacts displayed at the British Museum in London and there are Egyptian attempts under way to recover it, but did not succeed so far.
 
And scientists are likely the birth of his manuscript prior to the mid-third century AH, and some say that he was born in the fourth century AH.
 
The manuscript is also rumored to have been copied in 241 AH (861 AD) "and was first revealed by the Austrian Orientalist Joseph Hummer and has inherently in London in 1806

It is said that the Arab world was privy to many of the ancient languages ​​known Bzmenh including Kurdish and Al, Persian, Indian, and the number of pens (languages) that are known to 89 rarely among them hieroglyphics contained in the manuscript on the study, and I leave the reader to be weighed what was said about the Arab world, which is known 89 language and drawing them with the hieroglyphics that this language appears to have disappeared before the invasion, the Arab-Islamic about the horns, and not less than 300 years.
 
It is said that the son of a brutal "put his manuscript in the ancient language and alphabet and the corresponding letters in Arabic:" One of these languages ​​to the languages ​​of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs such as demotic and Coptic Alheirotiqih and the old as well as the Assyrian and Chaldean and Al

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