الأحد، 23 أكتوبر، 2011

Queen Hatshepsut

The original name of Hatshepsut is: Amun Hatshepsut and captured a means: the favorite concubine of Amon women or mistress Dora Amon princesses. She is the daughter of King Thutmose I and wife of Tuthmosis II and wife of Thutmose III, where the father begot Tuthmosis II, Tuthmosis III of a royal concubines.

Queen Hatshepsut Maat Ka Ra (--1 482 BC. M.) Months, a queen in the history and the fifth pharaoh Eighteenth Dynasty, and ruled of 1503 BC. M. Until 1482 BC. M. Excellence and restored by force, construction and flights carried out. The eldest daughter of the Pharaoh of Egypt, King Thutmose I, her mother, Queen Ahmose and her father was the King had fathered illegitimate son was Thutmose II has been accepted to marry him the habit of royal families to participate together in power after his death, and that a solution to the problem of the existence and the legitimate heir to him.

This queen left the puzzles are many secrets and may be more of those puzzles raise the character "die" that the engineer who built a temple in the famous Deir el-Bahari, which gave him 80 for the title and was responsible for the care of her only daughter has reached from his love for Mlicth to dig a tunnel between the cemetery and the tomb. If the historians came hints to indicate the presence of love may die, and collected Monday Queen Hatshepsut and the valet, they also took part in the "legendary life" and ended each end of the mysterious remains a mystery until now.

 Hatshepsut's famous rule of peace and prosperity where she was trying its utmost to strengthen relations, especially trade with the countries of the ancient Near East to prevent any wars with them.

Hatshepsut and faced many problems at the beginning due to its verdict of behind the scenes without a formal, some people say that they had killed her husband and her brother, King Tuthmosis II to seize power but there is no sufficient evidence. On the other hand experience problems with the people where he was seen by most people as a woman can not rule the country, where the king was according to custom, a representative of the god Horus, the ruling on the ground. So it was always wearing clothes festooned with men, and she is the daughter of Amon rumored to convince people that they can rule. At the same time was the heir legitimate Thutmose III was still a boy and could not care of the interests of the country. Hatshepsut also worked on the rule of the country to grow up, grow up and took into account that Tuthmosis III, military education so that he can take the reins of power later. Hatshepsut active trade with neighbors Egypt, where the trade was in poor condition, especially in the reign of King Tuthmosis II, and ordered the construction of several facilities, the Temple of Karnak, also established her temple in Deir el-Bahari in Luxor, and its administration was characterized by peace and prosperity

 Focused on Hatshepsut's fleet Egyptian trade set up an large ships and exploited in the inward transfer of obelisks, which ordered added to the Temple of Karnak in praise of the god Amun, or send ships on missions of trade with its neighbors, and was characterized by outdated welfare in Egypt, peace, and increased demand for recreational materials brought about by the commercial fleets of neighboring countries, and most important of incense and perfumes and spices, plants and tropical trees and wild animals and skins.

Mission Atlantic: Queen Hatshepsut sent a large fleet to the Atlantic Ocean and the trade flourished with the Atlantic Ocean to the importation of certain types of rare fish.

Mission Puntland: Posted Queen Hatshepsut's trade mission on board the large ships based navigation in the Red Sea loaded with gifts and Egyptian commodities such as papyrus and linen to the land of Punt (Somalia now), received the King of Pont mission well-received, and returned laden with large quantities of predators, wood and incense , ebony, ivory, leather and precious stones. And portrayed Queen Hatshepsut news that mission on the walls of the Temple of Deir el-Bahri on the west bank of the Nile Andaloqsr. Still color graphics that adorn this temple Brongaha Zahara and retain their beauty and to a large extent

Mission Aswan is also depicted on the walls of the Temple of Deir el-Bahari of Hatshepsut described mission to granite quarries at Aswan to bring the huge stones of the installations. The establishment of Mslten with great praise from Aswan granite of the god Amun of each of about 35 tons, was then transferred to the Nile to Thebes and took Almseltan count in the temple of Karnak in Luxor. When visiting Napoleon during the French campaign on Egypt in 1879 is one of the Almslten transfer to France, which until now adorn the Place de la Concorde in the French capital Paris.

And admired historians and engineers to this day the Egyptians the ability to transfer that Almslten from Aswan to Luxor. The process of loading Almslten then transferred to ships on the Nile and Anzalhma on the mainland, and then transferred to a place on the ground they build is not easy at all. And over it is also the construction of Almseltan in the place chosen for them exactly in front of the edifice built by Queen Anspsot Temple of Karnak, a few meters away from the edifice. Engineers are still so far put their theories to the method used by the ancient Egyptian architect to do the hard work.

  Not only that, has issued orders the establishment of Hatshepsut's obelisk obelisk is the largest in human history is composed of a single piece of stone weighs over 1000 tons to put the Temple of Karnak, the engineers left the ancient Egyptians, after they discovered a crack which prevents its use. And is currently visiting tourists from all over the world to see the miracle of the obelisk incomplete processing in the quarry of Aswan. And ask themselves: how the ancient Egyptians wanted to move this giant obelisk to the Temple of Karnak? And describes a German Egyptologists stone cutting methods that the ancient Egyptians were dealing with the stone as if it were Zbda, and actually can be seen in the quarry of Aswan.

Of the most famous queens who Tulane ruled Egypt and one of the beautiful, and Hatshepsut is the first of wearing gloves and that the presence of a congenital defect fingers (6 digits or more in one hand) did not people know this only after seeing the mummy In most of the statues that made ​​her Her hands seem Tabieitin it was so ordered sculptors, also is the first of gloves embroidered with precious stones

Military campaign and the one recorded for the reign of Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis III and the seizure of Gaza and that was near the end of its rule. And some manuscripts, such as a manuscript found in a cemetery Snnmot (Senenmut (TT71 disclose disciplinary campaigns in Nubia and some other countries which were under Egyptian authority.

Hatshepsut died in 10 of the second month of autumn (approved January 14, 1457 BC) during the year 22 of her term. This was stated in writing to the Panel found Berment. And much of the ancient Egyptian Manetho Manetho her term of 21 years and nine months. He thought they had killed in the past because of the conflict over the rule, but now has been verified from the mummy of Hatshepsut, which is clearly showing signs of natural death, and that the cause of her death due to cancer or diabetes. And her grave is in the Valley of the Kings, coded number KV20. Perhaps the Hatshepsut tomb of her father in order to expand the use, and found Taputha is Bhanb coffin of her father.

   

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