الأحد، 23 أكتوبر، 2011

The role of the Egyptian army in the Pharaonic civilization

With the beginning of the ancient Egyptian civilization and the beginning of the formation of communities and villages, cities and provinces and kingdoms then, the idea of ​​creating a regular army in the Egyptian society taking shape little by little. Over time, Egypt began to form an army to be organized first task is to protect the entity, which protects both the community or State or Territory of the Kingdom of uniform and so contingent on security throughout Egypt and the protection of the Egyptian border in the east or west or south or north.
 
With the beginning of historical times, which begins the unity of two halves of the country's south and north by the King, "Narmer" in 3200 BC. M and almost before the unit hundreds of years, Egypt witnessed the composition of the armies, both in the south or the north and the occurrence of fierce battles between the regions of Egypt ended this unit is experiencing the residual effects of these times that Egypt knew the armies of the Organization, there are as well as holders of bayonets, there were holders of arrows and darts, pins fighting different and there are forces, foot and sea, whether in rivers or lakes and then later in the sea and lead the armies of hundreds of junior commanders and senior leaders and kings who were lead their armies during the fighting, and stated on the effects of small victories against their enemies

.More than that, during historical times, especially during the Old Kingdom (2700 - 2200 BC). And the emergence of the navy huge represented in the Egyptian fleet during the reign of King (Saho Ra), a king of the Fifth Dynasty, and before the reign of King Snefru the founder of the Fourth Dynasty, who sent a fleet of 40 ships to Veniqia

As well as during the Middle Kingdom (2062 - 1675 BC). And Amenemhet and Senusret campaigns

As well as days of the modern state (1575 - 950 BC). Which is rich in temples many of the fees represent the wars led by kings against the enemies of Egypt, both in the east or west or south, and from the most famous battles of King Ramses II and Ramses III, and before them, Tuthmosis III and other monarchs

 He was the main objective of the Egyptian army is to defend the invasion not only for control of Egypt has not seen a colonial days Carriers purpose of the occupation of the country's wealth and the exploitation of foreign peoples and invincible and Egyptian domination of other peoples. This stems from the characteristics of the nature of the ancient Egyptians and modern spirit of tolerance and love and love of life and peace, which he gained over the years, from the nature of the land of Egypt.
 
It was the primary task of the Egyptian army maintaining security and order in Egypt and the protection of external borders with neighboring countries, whether in East or South or West

 In addition to this main goal there was other functions to protect the trade caravans and expeditions to the mines and quarries is the oldest evidence for the Panel King "den," a disciplined some of the tribes of the desert in the Sinai in a military campaign, which objected to some of these trade caravans coming from Lebanon (Veniqia) loaded with wood ebony . and another campaign of the King (Jr.) against the Nubians in Wadi Halfa, two of the kings of the First Dynasty (3200-2950 BC).. As well as some of the battles with the enemies of the west of Egypt from the Libyans during the reign of kings (Ni scattering) and (Brib age) of the kings of the Second Dynasty (2950 to 2700 BC)..

 During the Old Kingdom (2700 - 2200 BC). We find the King (Zoser) disciplined some tribes of the Sinai to attack missions dedicated to bringing copper from the Sinai Peninsula. And King (Bent) and (Cheops) and (Saho Ra), who extended his trade to the south of Greece

Among the most famous military campaigns campaign (Unni) jointly by the army of the land from the sea with the fleet for the first time in history, against the Asians, who were from time to time they attack the convoys and exploratory campaign or Egyptian encroachment on Egypt's eastern borders.
 
During the Middle Kingdom (2062 - 1675 BC). We find that after the second unit at the hands of the King "Mentouht II" sends many of the disciplinary campaigns in Western Sahara against the Libyans, also sent his fleet of the Red Sea to "punt" to notify the marble.
 
As well as in the era of Amenemhat I, who resided for many of his army forts on Egypt's eastern borders, which is called (the walls of the rulers) and (Senusret) III, who has campaigned against many Asian tribes. As well as Egypt has established several forts in the south such as the Fort (obesity) and (Qmenh) and (Bohn

All of these forts and castles to defend Egypt and not to attack neighboring countries, where necessitated the expansion of the country to the east, west and south to the spread of many of these forts Knqt defense line of defense first against the enemies of Egypt and the centers of early warning in case of threat to the security of Egypt to mobilize its army and people to defend their land
 
During the modern state (1575 - 950 BC). The activity of the army is the largest in Egypt witnessed the attacks from the Hyksos (1675 - 1575 BC). And occupation north of the country for about a hundred years until he (Ahmose) was the first expulsion and unite the country for the third time and the entry of Egypt's new Kingdom, which has seen many campaigns, the Egyptian military outside the borders of the most famous battles battles "Ramses II" in Kadesh against the Hittites, which scored on its effects in the temple of Abu Simbel, Luxor and Karnak, as well as battles (Ramses), third in the Megiddo recorded on the walls of his temple at Medinet Habu mainland west of the shorter

This campaign was also the purpose of the defense is not the purpose of the invasion, with the Assyrians and the Hittites in Syria, Iraq and turning the people against Egypt and stirring unrest against the security of Egypt. During the reign of the family twenty-during the reign of King "Ramses III" in 1174 BC. M Egypt has come under attack from the north for the first time of the peoples of the sea, which has necessitated the construction of fortifications at the mouths of the branches of the Nile seven and the entry of "Ramses III" fierce battles even defeated them, this is to by some attacks from the west and south through the state record of modern kings of Egypt's monuments

It was the main cause of these attacks colonial Egypt throughout the different ages of the east and west, north and south down to Egypt's position unique in the world and its strategic location between three continents Asia, Africa and Europe and is governed by the land and sea routes of the world working forces of greed of the world in taking them to the wealth Egypt's natural minerals, stones and fertile agricultural land, Joe moderate throughout the year.
 
These factors combined have made Egypt coveted through the ages the historical beginning of the Pharaonic and Greco-Roman, Islamic, and modern and to this day.
 
Was the Egyptian army is the guarantee first and foremost for the protection of Egypt in the external threats to defend Egypt against invaders and land, but that there were in some cases, campaigns outside the borders of Egypt by their kings. Purpose was to eliminate hotbeds of external forces which do not fail to attack Egypt, directly or pay some other people for it to attack Egypt from time to time

 If we are right in describing the army of Egypt and its role in Egyptian civilization can be described Army upscale or High or civilized, who works with all his energy and effort to protect the land and its people, the Egyptians and contribute to the civil works as a component of the progress of civilization in Egypt and the review of enemies to themselves in thinking if they planned to attack Egypt , and not a military colonist or usurping despite the conclusion reached by the Egyptian army from the large numbers in the thousands and use all types of advanced weapons from vehicles modern and large fleet can impose his speech on any of the countries, the Egyptian military had the features and characteristics of the noble, and the goal was always defense and to defend land, honor and self is not only

 

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