الجمعة، 21 أكتوبر، 2011

Religious literature at the Pharaohs

The Egyptians used since the time of the modern state (from the 16th century BC). Must provide the funeral of their dead religious texts, written on papyrus or animal skin, a slavery or pieces of linen, the writings of the line or Alheiroglevy Alheiratiqy or Aldemoutiqy. The damage on a roll and placed with the deceased in his coffin, which contain in the body or to the special funds of wood and sometimes kept the scrolls linen, which is damaged by Almmia.

The book contains the texts of the Dead consists of 140 chapters include topics different from the other world and the origins of the materials and texts to the Book of the Dead Mton in coffins during the Middle Kingdom Pyramid Texts and the king (Unas), a Fifth Dynasty kings at Saqqara. Book of the Dead and this is not a religious holy books, such as the Bible or the Koran or the Torah.

It is a straight quarters of ideas and fantasies about what is in the other world and combines the separation and the other link to the idea or the idea of ​​one, as well as not containing tips certain for the dead does not apply to him a recipe book is integrated subject and has no goal or purpose is clear. The most important of these chapters is Chapter No. 125, which is where the Dead exile him to do any disobedience to the gods, whether to kill or steal or cheat or guilt before the representatives of justice in the 42 provinces of Egypt, after mentioning the name of each representative of justice, and sometimes in front of the gods major, such as: (Osiris, Isis, devout and Amon and Horus).

  It lists all Almasaat manner exile, such as: did not kill, did not steal as well as a Chapter No. 6, which writes in particular on the bodies of statues respondents (Alaoshpty), requests of each statue to do on the day it was scheduled, in order that on behalf of the owner in the work of agriculture in Oozyreris fields (Ayaroo). Chapter No. 30 is a special heart of the deceased and he must testify before a court Briash the dead Osiris, warning him not to be good, but Sanai, and to give silent sins, so that the fate of the owner of Paradise

 Chapter No. 15 is a special God of the sun as it contains the texts and songs for this God.

Remember, some of the chapters, which in effect, some of the dangers of the deceased in his journey to the underworld and the way of escape. Some of the chapters particularly to prevent the functioning of the deceased on the head, and another for the prevention of loss of (Ka) of the deceased, and another talk about how to live among the gods different in the other world. And contain Book of the Dead illustrations were permeating the texts of the book from time to time to explain and clarify the texts of the deceased, and took care of Artists drawings and color of these images. It was to the large size of the text book the books are by the deceased before his death, where each person does not know what will his watch, seeking clerks to prepare Book of the Dead, which will maintain him in the grave and then choose texts appropriate to it where we find that the books vary from person to person by status and financial capabilities.

In addition to the book of the dead there were other books under different names, such as: the (im instruments) in the sense of what is in the other world. As well as the (gates) in the other world and lead to different hours of the night. But it was the most famous is the Book of the Dead.

 

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