الجمعة، 21 أكتوبر 2011

Interest in education in the era of the Pharaohs

His invention of writing in ancient Egypt, and knowledge of ancient Egyptian writing and arithmetic and the need for the codification of public affairs management to the beginning of his interest in education to create generation after generation of writers to the departments of State, whether in finance, agricultural and administrative as well as the start of interest in education for the registration of all knowledge and science, whether religious, ideological or worldly benefit of this knowledge.

  Were concerned with any interested party made ​​and the knowledge or know the handing down of this science to his children and grandchildren of the heirs to this knowledge to maintain his career and is also interested in kings and princes and nobles and leaders of armies, the education of their children cared too many members of the public education where there is a chance to position a high position in the Egyptian society and the disposal of his reality and finding his place among the elite.

The only education in beginning to teach young children in the royal palaces and houses of the nobility and some offices of the departments of small numbers of children of intellectuals and education was limited to the knowledge of the principles of language, numeracy and general information. Then start in the preparation of special places for the education of boys and girls classrooms attached to the temples and at the same time has been interest in the study of general information, geography and history along with learning the language and math

As for the poor Egyptians and the devout away from the big cities was the education on a small scale in the open spaces in the fields, under trees or in some rooms, which are similar to simple "book" in the villages. By the late Old Kingdom and during the Middle Kingdom in Egypt known as the onset of school or house of life "Burank" and study the curriculum in which students choose a specific type of education where the back of some of the specialized schools in the various sciences such as engineering, medicine and embalming along with general education

We find that the schools attached to temples imbued study in the affairs of religion and belief, and the schools attached to departments of the country in the study, most of the language and the expense of education affairs, trade and administrative staff, while schools that are attached to the army, most of the curriculum as well as general education science military punctuated by military exercises Applied and teaching martial arts and the use of weapons and other military science.
 
  The general education curriculum includes a general was to study the Egyptian language, literature and sciences of the line and the spelling and the rules and etiquette. As well as all branches of mathematics and engineering calculation and algebra. General information including history, geography and the principles of cosmic phenomena, environmental and agricultural

 In each of these schools, libraries, without which many of the branches of the known, each according to his competence to papyrus to be books and references for students, inform them of the need called "the righteousness of n Sco" any house of manuscripts or the Library has been managed by several administrators, trustees and among the seals and the protective goddess of the libraries of the Gods "Scat." Has been defined by the teacher or teacher in the role of science titles of many of the most famous was the title of "Ssbau" star, or any Pacific or mentor or teacher, while the student or the student aware of the title of titles including "Nzz" or "chirp".

  The students use the panels and wood Alertwaz to write Balbos or stone (chalk) or on papyrus and the teacher corrects the errors of the student learns red ink and the re-write errors to learn the student who often writes in black ink. In addition to schools and educational settings simple and specialized schools attached to temples or government departments or departments of the army there were cultural centers great learning in the big cities, especially capitals of Egypt, which played a major role in the life of the Egyptians, whether political, such as Memphis and Thebes, or religious, such as Ain Shams and Aabdos

And each of the centers character and carried on his own, both in ideological terms have a certain philosophy is famous as well as other sciences, and he meant this study centers all over Egypt for medical science and education at the hands of scholars gained prominence outside the borders of Egypt, we find in the Late Period scientists from Europe, historians and philosophers come to Egypt for medical science at the hands of those professors and immersed themselves in virtue of Egyptian civilization, knowledge, science and the arts, philosophy, medicine, and take them to Europe, which had been living in the darkness of ignorance

Which is mentioned in history by the grace of Egyptian civilization to the world in all parts of the world ancient and modern, where thanks to the Egyptians to know the calendar, astronomy, medicine, engineering, etc. It seemed all the world latest EU pride and boast that he studied in Egypt and at the hands of scientists.

   

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