This history is divided into three episodes, each episode of their distinctive character with strong ties to bind them all.
First: the era of governors and Ataiwlaunayn and Alakhchid:
And begins with the opening of 'Amr ibn al-Aas to Egypt in 641 AD in the era of Caliphs and until the 969 AD the Fatimid state. It is characterized by the age spread of Islam in Egypt, as well as quiet common approximation of Egypt on the other hand and the subordination of Egypt in the form or the other of the Islamic caliphate in Medina or in Damascus or Baghdad. And Ahmed Ibn Tulun, Mohammed bin Tgj Alakhchid has resigned from the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad, the dependency has been prevalent in these two countries during the Tulunid and Alakhchidah.
And begin to enter the Fatimids in Egypt in 969 AD at the hands of the commander essence of Sicilian and its establishment the city of Cairo, where Egypt seemed completely independent of any external authority and Egypt became the headquarters of the Caliphate condemns the Shi'ite branch, Egypt has the religious institutions and the scientific and the emergence of open hostility between Khalavcy Fatimid Cairo and Baghdad, the Abbasid witnessed an armed clash on the land of the Levant, Egypt, Morocco bonding out of the Fatimids.
And begin the era of Salah al-Din 1171, and until the entry of Ottoman Egypt in AD 1517. Has increased the spread of Sunni Islam after the fall of the Fatimids and the growth of this age excelled Egypt's status politically, culturally, religiously and scientifically and commercially the opening up of Egypt to the West after the Christian Crusades. Votaft Egypt on power and prestige.
Cairo has become the kiss of ambassadors and envoys from the East and the West from within the Islamic world and beyond.
During these times the rulers of Egypt's keenness on linking Egypt to the Levant Levant as the entrance of Egypt's eastern invasions that threaten Egypt