السبت، 8 أكتوبر 2011

The Works of Ancient Egyptian Architects

Ancient Egyptian architects were called "Chiefs of Construction." They were skilled in designing the great religious, funerary, and public buildings.

The most well known architects are Imhotep of the Step Pyramid complex, Hem-iunu of the Great Giza Pyramid, Ineni the architect of Tuthmosis the First, Senenmut of Deir el-Bahari, and Amenhotep, Son of Hapu, who was in charge of the construction at Thebes during the time of Amenhotep the Third.

Along with the surviving monuments, sketches of plans for houses and tombs were discovered drawn on tomb and temple walls. Also discovered were two sketched plans, drawn on papyrus and flakes of stone, that show the accuracy of the architect's work.

The actual plan of Ramesses the Fourth's tomb was made on a piece of papyrus that is now preserved in the Egyptian Museum in Turin, Italy. Architectural elements, colors, and captions for the tomb drawings are depicted in detail on this papyrus.

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