الأحد، 23 أكتوبر، 2011
Way to rule in Ancient Egypt
Different ways to access the kings of ancient Egypt to the throne for the royal Pharaonic times, it did not take one way, but there were many ways and methods of genetic to the political to religious to a military occupier.
The first way (genetics):
The method of genetic which of the throne in Egypt, the eldest son of the King are not, after the death of King is a technique used throughout the Pharaonic times, which was congratulated by Egypt periods of peace, however, there were some instances in which the king to his son that shared governance, especially in the era of the modern state As an example of the involvement of King Amenhotep, son of King Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten) with him in power is not a crown prince but the king has the same rights and powers of the king himself (1405 to 1367 BC).. in the absence of a legitimate heir of the King, ie when the king is not a son and has a daughter, they have the right to ascend the throne as queen of new replace her mother but does not control and is one of her marriage to the ruling family who has the right to be king of the country, such as Queen betrayed Cao S, last queens of the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom.
In the absence of the sons of the king so right for his brother from his father that the King example is the King Khafre of the Fourth Dynasty the state of old.. When the death of King Khufu came to power in his oldest son, "paddle-Ra", who died after his father was not governed only eight years only and has no I Vetoly sentence after his brother King "Khafra." In rare cases, the queen will rule after the death of the king and become the ruling, for example, The Queen, "Hatshepsut" After the death of her husband and her brother at the same time, "Thutmose II" took power and ruled Egypt alone for 21 years - the Eighteenth Dynasty the modern state (1490-1468 BC) . m.
The second method (political):
The politics play an important role in the life of the Egyptians and the internal forces of the clergy who dominated the reins of power and control everything from the king to the smallest individual in Egypt. When the death of the king ruling and in the absence of the sons of powerful it was the priests choose one of them with the power to marry the daughter of the king and then has the right to rule the country as it is the heir to the King for example, marriage celebrant "Osrkav" the daughter of the King (Hbsskaf) the last king of the Fourth Dynasty and became a founding fifth state of the family the old (2560 - 2420) BC. m. After the death of King Tutankhamun and has no heir to the priest came to power (any) and became king of Egypt after his marriage to the sister of "Tutankhamun" Greater ruled Egypt for only two years only. In cases of social revolutions over the kings of Egypt late Old Kingdom Egypt and the entry of decay in the era of the first 2200 BC, we find that powerful provincial governors were able at the time of independence from the central government's goal in them and the king and the central government after the collapse in 2200 BC. M.
And each became an independent ruler himself and territory and called himself the title of king. And tried every ruler to spread its control over other regions Vtkont families governor in the north and south of the country made up later unified state of Egypt, such as: family Alonatfah in Thebes in 2100 BC. M is they who set up the Middle For example, "Seqenenre" the founder of the modern state with his children, "Kamose" and his brother, "Ahmose I" in 1575 BC. m.
The third way (military)
Was the dominant force on the things in Egypt is the power of the clergy who are by nature tend not to ascend the throne, but they tend to control the throne of Egypt by the King King in Egypt tool controlled by the priests at all, and such a selected one of the commanders, a commander Horemheb 1332 - 1308 BC. m to assume the throne of Egypt nearly 30 years, and ascended the throne after him, a commander of a military commander Ramses last for two years. The foundations of the family ninth century and succeeded by his son's military commander and the City after the military commander took his son Ramses II, who was of the most famous kings of Egypt for the year 1290 - 1224 BC. M.
the fourth way (occupation):
Egypt suffered a campaign of foreign military from the end of the Twelfth Dynasty, represented by the income of the Hyksos (1675 - 1575 BC). And Libyans (945-720 BC). And Nubians (730-665 BC). And then the Persians (525-404 BC). , and then Alexander the Great (332 BC).. Hence, we find that ascend the throne of Egypt is not one way, a geneticist, but there were many ways to ascend the throne
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