الأحد، 23 أكتوبر، 2011

How to divide the history of Egypt

Modern historians agree on the division of the ancient pharaonic Egypt's history into three main sections are:
 
 
  The Old and Middle and New Kingdoms
  And represents all of these countries in an era of prosperity and periods of progress, and includes a number of families which ruled Egypt Pharaonic standard. Heads of these countries have kings three months unification are two sides on country Narmer (Mena) Mentuhotep II and Ahmose first. This has been the era of the reign of the old fashioned included first and second families, which laid the foundations of Egyptian civilization, and which supported the pillars of the Egyptian state. Also passed through the country after each of those states era weakness dominated the foreign part of the country and near the end of pharaonic history, enjoyed the country's era of renaissance known era Sawy, try the Egyptians to rise up in their country again and live the glory, has been divided by historians that the Pharaonic era to the one thirty-dynasty

 And this age can be divided into the following ages:
1 - the old age:
  Starts about a year 3200 BC. M and includes the first family and the second most important kings and the king "Mina" was consolidated the two countries lay the foundations for a unified state and its capital, "Memphis
 2- the Old Kingdom:
  Begins about 2780 BC. And shall consist of families, third, fourth, fifth and sixth most important kings and the king "Zoser" owner of the first pyramid in Egypt and the first use of stone in Egypt, and also kings Khufu Khafre Menkaure. The country has seen in this era of prosperity in all areas of architecture and civilization and ideological doctrine of the sun began to emerge since the early Fifth Dynasty

3 - the era of the first Aladhlal
Begins about 2281 BC. M and includes families seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth, after the end of the Sixth Dynasty hiked the reins from the hand of the king and there was political decay and social disintegration and returned the country to what it was before the Unit split and divide and civil war broke out and spread the poverty, misery, and faded the central authority
4 - the Middle Kingdom:
  Begins about 2134 BC. M. Includes two families the eleventh and twelfth, after the success of the King "Mentuhotep" second in the unification of the country once again and back star city "good" Luxor Capital of the country, even the king created "Amenemhat" first in 2000 BC. M "Itt Tawi" Allst the current capital of Egypt in the Fayoum . This era saw the progress in architecture, art, literature and comprehensive revival of Egyptian Civilization
5 - Aladhlal II era:
 Begins about 1778 BC. M. And includes families thirteenth and the fourteenth and the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, at the end of the Middle Kingdom Egypt entered into a period of weakness where the forces of the influence of governors and fighting them and has this to give the opportunity for the tribes of small-called of Maniton name "Hyksos" who used against Egypt, chariots, and they were subject to their control north of the country for a hundred years and made "Ooares" Sun stone as their capital and the Nubians took control of the southern part of the country. Did not remain independent from Egypt only a small part governed by the kings of the "good" in Luxor.
6 New Kingdom:
 Begins around 1570 BC. M and includes the families of eighteen and nineteenth century. The "Ahmose" First is the founder of the modern state after the fight of the Hyksos and the Nubians and the reunification of the country and lay the foundation stone of the Egyptian empire, where concerned with Egypt would establish a strong army systematically helped to set up this empire and extended the Egyptian border to the north of Syria and south to central Africa, and the most important kings of this age, "Amenhotep "third Hachpsot Nefertiti Akhenaten Tutankhamun Ramses II Ramses III. This was the era of openness to the world and Egypt witnessed their best eras in various areas of architectural and agricultural civilization and morally, militarily, and Egypt became prosperous and this is what sparked the modern state recorded in Luxor and Abu Simbel
7 - Late Period (the era of foreign influence):
Begins about 1085 BC. M. It includes the families of the twenty-first to the thirty-first, and the divided Egypt into mini-states used the family twenty soldiers of Libyan mercenaries, so as to enable one of them, "Shoshenq" I mount the throne of Egypt and the establishment of the family second and twenty-separated Nubia on Egypt so as to enable the kings of Nubia from taking over all of Egypt under the their rule about 720 BC. m

  And the foundations of their own king "Bankhy" the first king of the family twenty-fifth even entered Egypt, the King, "Ashurbanipal" Assyrian even expelled King "Abasmatic" and declared himself king of Egypt 663 BC. M which is known as era-Sawy and try to re-glories Pharaohs first, even invaded the King "Cambyses, "Egypt in 525 BC. m and bring Egypt to the Persian Empire and destroyed the capital of" good "and the revolts against the Persians several times until the horse returned again in 341 BC. of income till Alexander the Great in 332 BC. m and annexation of his property. Thus ends the Pharaonic era and the start age hero

 

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