السبت، 8 أكتوبر، 2011

Vases and Lamps of Tutankhamun

The mountains in Egypt have many varieties of stone that are used in making vases such as limestone, sandstone, calcite or alabaster, marble, diorite, granite, quartzite, schist, and others. Egyptians mastered crafting stone vases of different forms beginning in the Early Dynastic Period.

Thousands of such vases that belonged to the first two Dynasties were found below the Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara. Egyptian stone vases were used in exchange for products of West Asiatic regions and of the Aegean islands beginning in the Old Kingdom.

In the tomb of King Tutankhamun, many elaborate alabaster lamps, jars, vases, flasks, bowls, and chalices were found. Most of them were carved from a single block of stone with different pleasing shapes.

The vases were used to store precious oils and ointments. These items were not all made specifically for the burial of Tutankhamun. Some artifacts were taken from other earlier burial sites or were presented as gifts at the funeral of Tutankhamun.

Some vases were cut thinly and polished smoothly or were made with translucent walls. Other vases were inscribed with human or animal figures and symbols. Popular designs included the unification symbols of Upper and Lower Egypt.

Some of the delicate jars had been broken but had then cleverly been restored in ancient times .

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