الأحد، 23 أكتوبر، 2011

Temple of Dendera

Lies the Temple of Dendera in the village of Dandara, the village will be located at a distance of 4 km on the western coast of the Nile and the western city of Qena, was built this temple for the worship of the god Hathor, goddess of love and beauty, motherhood and the family when the ancient Egyptians, was the statue of Hathor in the form of a cow or a bear centuries cow the head

He built the Temple of Dendera in the Ptolemaic period, and since the Ptolemies descended from the commanders of Alexander the arrogance that they divided the empire, they did not build this temple-style in ancient Egyptian temple building but a feature of temple building in the era of occupation Batalmy to Egypt, and can easily get out of this result by a comparison Temple Dendera ancient Egyptian temples in this region

 And the magnitude of the temple has contributed more in the residence of the Governor began to Ptolemy III in the idea of ​​its construction and began construction in the first century BC, and completed part of it, "Ptolemy XI," and finally ended up building in the reign of Roman Emperor "Ogests

Among the most important being overwhelmed by a famous temple there is a drawing of Queen Cleopatra and her son "Sizarryon" of Julius Caesar

The temple contains 24 columns in the hall on the column header of each column of the anthropomorphic God of Hathor and is famous for the temple roofs Epplersom astronomical circle, which includes many Albrasz heavenly, and the temple in good condition and still clear inscriptions tells the story of the history of this era of the history of Egypt

 Built in the city (Dendera) on the western shore of the Nile south of the city (QNA), Cree for the worship of the goddess (Hathor), built this temple in the first century BC in the last era of the Ptolemies and the first Roman emperor (August), the newest temples of Egypt, which still retains Brongaha so far, the structure of this temple is simple, does not disadvantage thing is that the inscriptions show it on the Egyptian art of decay, as evidenced by the succession of scenes a lot and without a master to show the details, and decreases the temple edifice and the lobby, and then find a place spacious for concerts, followed by corridor, which carries the roof 24 column capitals with a Halit (Hathor) in the form of a musical instrument, and then the lobby of the columns adorned with scenes and behind the building of this temple courtyard leads to the lobby there was a cabin of the ship's holy temple and in the end we find the Holy of Holies

Dandara in Qena hot archaeologists of all nationalities in how to remove soot from the roof and walls and succeeded Dr. Jamal Mahjoub, Chairman of the Central
 
  For restoration and maintenance in reaching a new chemical compound to remove the soot without affecting the magnificent temple doors .. and after the completion of the initial trials team succeeded in exposing a ceiling of the corridors of the Temple of the 7 corridors

 Dr. Jamal Mahjoub said that after examination of soot and particulates other roof of the temple and its walls turned out to be an accumulation of black and fats resulting from the use of the temple for housing in previous time periods, and after conducting several experiments on the removal of soot in various places has been to reach a compound has been applied successfully and removed more than 200 square meters of soot internal hallway ceiling of the temple, said Dr. Mahjoub that the removal of soot from the roof of the Temple of Dendera was the dream of every archaeologists, and that after the establishment of a center visitors and general development of the site around the temple, which took four years was development of the external hard-sufficiency and not compromising the magnificent temple,

This was the catalyst to start the experiment to remove soot, Spring Hamdan, Director General of the effects of Qena, said that the building of the Temple of Dendera was in several stages, where he stayed King Khufu temple in this place of the goddess Hathor and the wedding of the king between the first and several statues, including a statue of gold represents her young son Ehi offers offerings to the goddess Hathor herself and re-establish the worship of Tuthmosis III, gods, and represents Hathor in many ways the most famous woman adorns her head the sun disk between the horns of a cow and surrounds the temple of Dendera wall of brick and a length of 1200 meters inside the fence, there are several buildings, including the Roman house of birth, Bazlica and Coptic, and the house of birth of the king Nectanebo, and the clinic, and well, and a sacred lake, and the Temple of Isis, the great temple.

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