الأحد، 23 أكتوبر، 2011

Temple of Abydos

Located in the center of the Temple of Abydos in Sohag Balyana
Temple is a beautiful slim built, first the King, "City I", the second Dynasty XIX, and the father of King's famous "Ramses II". A funerary temple and his "City I" inside the fence includes a comprehensive ancient tomb, which assumes that the tomb of the god "Osiris."

The temple is surrounded by days of prosperity planted a garden of flowering plants, trees Albasagh. The newly revealed by the original front of the temple, and re-installed, there appeared two major Abhan of the temple, and the space, which is followed by the yard where the first and second courtyard of the temple.

 The Osabhma a lot of damage, and they end in the temple facade, entrance and current Boamdth square walls and holes that have been drawn by some of the facts of "Ramses II" war, and his victories in Asia. As well as reading some of its own commemorative inscriptions.

It will be recalled that the "Ramses II" has completed the construction of a temple "Abydos" after the death of his father the King, "City first." But the part that was built in the era of "City" was far greater than is technically part of the completed construction "Ramses II".

And the Temple of "Abydos" quite different from the design of other Egyptian temples, which he praises mostly in the form of a rectangle, and all the Rdhadtha and Hgratha on one axis. The temple of "Abydos" the layout is very unique, as it is in the form of a right angle, or in the form of the Latin alphabet L. The cabin is the Holy of Holies, a main compartment is perpendicular to a series of courtyards and halls successive columns

There are many columns the hall is the hall of columns built by the King, "First City", but the decoration was in the reign of his son "Ramses II". And the length of this room almost 55 meters, width of about 11 meters. The ceiling is based on twenty-four columns.

And columns from the bottom of the form of papyrus, and their crowns For the flower did not bloom yet. The columns are divided into two rows, each row by twelve columns. Each row is divided into six groups, and in each of the two columns are close, then there is little room corridor, and then find the other two are very evenly, and so on .. There are seven passages in the room related to the other lanes by a similar nature in the Hall of Columns II.

 Hall of Columns II

It is the next room in the temple of "Seti I," and the roof carried on thirty-six columns .. Divided into three rows, each row in the twelve columns. Like the other room is made up of groups of rows of columns, each comprising a set of two columns.

  Thus, there are seven passages between them as in the first room. Relate to each of the seven passages in each of the halls, and ends seven sacred niches, which were placed statues of the gods

.. Having devoted the mihrab The first from the right of the god "Horus", then niche goddess "Isis", then the god "Osiris", then "Amen," and then "Horakhty" Ra-Harakhty god of the morning sun, then "Ptah," and, finally, the mihrab of the King "first City".

And behind the altar "Osiris" There is a door leading to a small hall with columns, with three small chapels to the author of the trinity of gods, "Osiris," and "Isis", and "Horus". There are also other custom booths for each of the gods "Nfrtom," and "Ptah, Sugar", and "Sugar."

The inscriptions of this hall have been in the reign of the King, "City first." It is so beautiful inscriptions, and most of the subjects are talking about the King of Great City, with the gods of Egypt, although the temple was initially established in honor of the god "Osiris."

List godmother

In terms of the eastern wall of the hall there is a door in the wall leads to a narrow corridor connects to another room with columns. In the middle of this corridor is one of the important patterns in the history of the pharaohs. This pattern is a "list godmother" famous "the list of Abydos," a list of the names of the kings of Egypt, whom he considered "the first Seti" legitimate kings of the country.

 This list has been started on behalf of the King, "Mina", and ended the King's name "City", ignoring the name of the Queen, "Hatshepsut", and the names of the kings of the reform era ofthe religious illusion "Akhenaten" and his successors, including "Tutankhamun".

In the long corridor that leads to "Alawzurion" - which began building the King, "City I" (about1290 to 1279 BC). In "Abydos", Iqapelln this pattern surround the god "Nunn" Nun a lift boat solarfor "Khyeery" Khepry, a scene from "The Book of gates" Book of Gates. And the meaning of the name "Khyeery" or "Kebri" is the verb "be", where "Khyeery" symbolizes the birth of a new,renewal, and was depicted in the form of a scarab (beetle
).

  

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