الجمعة، 21 أكتوبر، 2011

Social life in Egypt, Greek Romanian

Characterized social life in Egypt during the Greco-Roman Batabqah a result of the policy of apartheid followed by the Ptolemies, especially the three first kings of them, where they opened Egypt was thrown open for the Greeks to help them in organizing the affairs of the country and Odzloa them to give to ensure the continuation of their delegations to Egypt frequently and keep them always

Appeared in Egypt, two layers are:

The Greeks.

Began to increase in the numbers of the Greeks because of the Ptolemaic rulers need them for their expertise in various areas of economic activity and the administrative and military building in the state of unemployment. Has been granted land and Ocherkohm with them in the management of the country and Prepare them the right environment for life and established cities-pattern for each of them their laws and had a political, religious, and they had their gods and beliefs, and this organization is similar to Greek cities in the land of the Greeks, who now compose a social class higher Comma Separated large for the people of the country, the Egyptians no Altazwag or integration with the Egyptians.

With the beginning of reign of Ptolemy IV began the Ptolemaic allow Egyptian citizens to ascend some of the top positions in Egypt, hoping to gain the trust of the Egyptian people and say the influx of Greeks to Egypt and spoke with a rapprochement between the Egyptians and the Greeks and the Greeks in Egypt have four levels: class employees civilians, military class professionals functional layer men workers class craftsmen.

The Egyptians.

When the occupation of Egypt from the beginning of the reign of Alexander and the Ptolemies and found that the Egyptians are composed of layers of social classes and degrees:
 
Aristocracy-rich property and key management and military have kept it until the time of the Greek Ptolemy IV where I started this group lose its status and wealth. This category is followed by the military, who started in the loss of their status after the adoption of Greek foreign elements in the Egyptian army and the use of only secondary in the business, prompting them to raise the spirit of revolutions of the Egyptians against the Greeks

The following category of staff in this category is made up of varying degrees of administrative and followed by the majority of the Egyptian people from working-class component of the growers and makers, traders and were the backbone of the economic life of the country

In the Roman era

Romans will pass on the approach in terms of the followers of the Greek policy of social segregation between the Greeks and Egyptians, off legal status of this distinction.

With the beginning of Roman rule, the Romans are top of Egyptian society occupying the top jobs, whether administrative, military or economic. The layer remained distinct, socially and economically and that the effect is less in the Egyptian society where the impact of the Greeks did not impose their language as an official language of the country.

Now they became Greeks class or second class after the class was the first Romans have split them into three categories of the first citizens of Alexandria, the second population of the provincial capitals, and the layer normal.

 During the Roman era Department of the upper class Egyptians Viatan class of religious clerics Roman temples served to weaken their status and reduce their influence and their wealth confiscated much of the land of temples. The second category is the common people of Egypt and the makers of the planter and they were the poorest.

Jews spread across the country because of what has been given to them from the Greeks and Romans privileges. The central position of them and is the main city of Alexandria to the existence of economic and financial activity of the main capital of the country. Was organized by the Jewish religious life, education, and their councils and they were divided into groups of venture capitalists, traders, craftsmen and farmers have suffered the Romans of the Jews, many raise sedition in Alexandria, especially after the Jewish revolt in Palestine against the Romans and the back of hatred of the Jews in Egypt, especially after the fire of war primigravid (119-117) in the year 425 and then expelled from the city of Alexandria

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