الجمعة، 21 أكتوبر، 2011

Religion and worship in the era of the Pharaohs

Religion is a social phenomenon created by the first man under the influence and association with some of the forces of nature and manifestations, and having to get close to a target Alastzadh of benefit or harm reduction, this was not closer to the top based on devotion to it and consecrated, and represented the forces of nature in the sun and the moon and the sky and the earth, wind, etc., The manifestations were by his environment, and is in the wild or domesticated animals, birds, trees, plants, and so there were many different gods, and in essence

The ancient Egyptian feel the presence of these forces and improve their impact upon, the effects of some harmful and some beneficial, but when he chose some of them to holy, because I think it's a whale something strong and divine in itself, in the sense that the force of unknown origin may chose this animal to materialize it. However, the Egyptian did not revere this animal agency, but chose to model one for this purpose, for example, Abd al-Baqarah "Hathor" The Crocodile "Sobek" but did not find anything wrong to slaughter the cow to feed its flesh and used in the field or kill alligator in self-defense

It was formed when ancient Egypt are two of the gods: the gods of the universe and the local gods, and gods are local, which played a key role in the doctrine of the proximity to it and affected by the direct and each territory has its own idol

 And continued the case until the country united under one king, and there appeared a third type of the gods. Idol of the state which was originally a local gods, the ruler of its territory and to impose its sovereignty over Egypt as a whole, and inevitably the Egyptians sanctify them all to his idol, the idol becomes thus the whole country

Egyptian religion was marked by ritual quiet, calm environment affected by the nature of the Egyptian, who helped the ancient Egyptians to think to get to know the secrets of the world in which they live and wondering how they are created the earth and the beginning of life and what it might be the sky and the stars. This has led to the presence of many of the theory of creation of the universe at Heliopolis and in the Memphis In Ashmunein

The Egyptians consider their own god, and therefore dominated all government affairs, was his word is law, and is the sole mediator between the people and the world of the gods, a priest is also the greatest of all gods

The Egyptians built huge temples of various gods, and where the service entrusted to a number of priests, their mission was their idol and take care of the rituals of his day is different. We believe that the Egyptian gods like humans eat and drink and intermarry and have children, meaning that they went to worship the god incarnate in the statue or its animal that symbolizes the

 The divided Egypt in the Pharaonic era to 42 of 20 South County and 22 in the north, each with a holy trinity consists of a local goddess in the region and his wife (the goddess), and the Son.

In Luxor there was "Amon" and death "and" Khonsu ". The Memphis there was a" Ptah, "and" Sekhmet "and" Nfrtm "of what is known as the goddess of local regions of the goddess of the formal state is the goddess local become kings of their boycott of kings of Egypt. We find "Amun" became the official deity of Egypt in the era of the modern state. Ptah was a god either formally to Egypt in the Old Kingdom

There are gods of the universe the great sun "Ra" and the moon, "Aah" and there is also a "Note" goddess of the sky and "show" Lord of the air and "Jeb" Lord of the earth. And that some of them had a cult on the ground, temples, priests, such as "Ra" but others were not worship him on the ground or temples or priests.

The nature of the work of priests or clergy from being in the middle between the gods and people, they were a high profile and very powerful large, allowing them control of the Egyptian society of all groups of less Egyptians place a popular class that came to the kings themselves, bringing them a high status excelled in some cases, the status of kings themselves are in some ages in control in matters of state and are subject to the Kings for their power and Abdlonhm as happened after the era of the King, "Tutankhamun," the tradition of a military commander the throne of Egypt, which is not related to the royal family or take some of them of governance as happened during the family fifth after the appearance of sun worship and the intensification of the influence of the priests of the god "Ra"

In addition to the worship of gods minimum types there was also another kind of gods, a god to other world or the gods of life as after death, there are "Osiris, Lord of the other world or the Lord of the dead and the shading beneath the other gods of the world of the other and the dead, such as" Anubis "Lord of the cemetery and" Maat "housewife justice and other gods.

As for the ancient Egyptian belief in eternal life after death, I think that death affects only the outer flesh, but spirit is there, which forms the body of the deceased head of a bird that flew into the sky and there is a "spouse" and remain with the body in the grave.

The work of the Egyptian Yahia seconds to preserve the body and provide Balthanit cemetery full of tools, furniture and food, with the belief in immortality in the fields of "Auxerre" Yarrow ", a paradise has been likened to the land of Egypt

  

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