الجمعة، 21 أكتوبر، 2011

Pharaonic monuments in Sinai

Sinai is rich in many of the pharaohs and distributed these effects in several areas are:

Pharaonic relics in northern Sinai. Pharaonic relics in South Sinai

The effects of North Sinai

Tel Farma

Located north of the village on the road Baloza Qantara - El Arish at the mouth of the place of the old Albelozi branch of the River Nile .. And called Farma is the Arabic name for the town known as an old Baloziom .. The most important fortresses to defend the Delta to the east. There have been many battles then the most important battle that took place between the Muslim armies led by Amr ibn al-Asi and the army of the Romans in 640 AD. . And demonstrates the city's history as a very old .. Known to the Pharaohs .. And the Greeks, who attributed the name of the branch of the Nile Albelozi .. And known as the Copts Vrome .. Including taking the name of the Arab Farma ... She was said to Mesft astronomer Ptolemy, the famous capital.

Tel Ahbuh
Located northeast of Qantara East, and the most important effects detected by the castle of the Pharaonic era of the modern state (King Seti I) The length of 800 * 400 meters .. Built of brick, and a number of towers, like a fortified city, has revealed around the stores and houses and hundreds of artifacts and seals the names of the kings of Egypt Tuthmosis III and Ramses II, and others.

 Tel Abu summer
Located south of the city of Qantara East .. It is noted that the fort was the site of the Roman fort was discovered Sila Ptolemaic and Roman the other. And was named after the hill because of the red brick red color that distinguishes the remains of buildings and ancient stones. There are the remains of the structure of the building of Seti I and Ramses II of the god Horus and the remains of a Roman camp, and found by the writings of the Latin Ambratoren Diomkeshian and Maxemian. . In 1907 it was found on a stone hieroglyphic text and a large grinding stone .. Also found near Qantara Sharq on the red stone of flint fill the hieroglyphic writing. Also found in 1911 on the remains of an ancient cemetery inside the coffins of stone with hieroglyphic inscriptions.

Appointed Alkadirat
Located in a fertile valley tells Alkadirat appointed by and reflect the effects discovered the importance of this region and its central role in the early Pharaonic times .. As established by many of the forts remained, including: Castle Central: It is with strong walls and towers and trenches. A rectangular 60 m * 40 m and a thickness of external walls of 4 meters and around 8 towers.

The effects of South Sinai
If the Great Military Road is the key to follow the archaeological sites in the northern Sinai .. The activity of mining and mining is the key to map archaeological sites in South Sinai. . Vsaina is the oldest areas in which the ancient Egyptians used copper and turquoise since before the Pharaonic dynasties long. . The most important sites of old mining sites are: the cave and Srabit server.

 Cave
Called the name of the cave on a limited part of the valley where the mountain cannula, which are the veins of turquoise, which extracted the ancient Egyptians. And there are still remnants in this region, the ancient workers' huts on a highland .. The walls can be traced, but the important patterns that existed no longer remain there, where some were taken to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo .. Or destroyed in attempts to find the turquoise in the beginning of this century.

 Srabit server
The area of ​​Srabit server through the state central and most important of the modern state of the cave .. And its various easy Access to the cave and mines in the valley is flat, and the veins of turquoise rises 60 meters on the level of the belly of the valley, and the way the server Srabit very rugged .. A plateau is difficult to climb on all sides .. Effects in them, as well as mines located above the flat surface of the high plateau. Were found in this region, the statues of many bearing the names of King Sneferu of the Fourth Dynasty .. And King Mentuhotep III and Mentuhotep IV, King of the kings of the Eleventh Dynasty and Senusret pattern for each of the first and the name of his father, Amenemhat first. The most famous monuments in the region is the Temple of Hathor and other inscriptions Sinaiticus.

Temple of Hathor
Has been set up by King Senusret I of the goddess Hathor, Lady of Turquoise, and saw the temple additions in the next several centuries, where he began the temple of Hathor cave carved in the mountain, a holy of holies of the temple .. Constructed in front of him and then another room consecration of Hathor and then added the second part of Amenemhat this building and then the frequency of the names of many other kings in the temple, such as Amenemhat III and IV.
 
In the modern era of King Amenhotep the first reform of the destroyed temple lobby, a private mobile phone on the columns .. The structure was built faucet Hathor, who was ready to cleanse the temple visitors
 
During the reign of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut, several rooms were added to the Holy of Holies .. Then several rooms in the next reign of his son Amenhotep II .. The six rooms were built in the reign of Amenhotep III

The inscriptions on these paintings, which interfaces the rock containing the usual litanies of the goddess .. The total number of inscriptions found in the server 387 Srabit inscription of the two countries of Central and modern .. It does not include, of course, the temple inscriptions, where the mines were sent missions headed by a senior official of the mining property, because the king. Were inscriptions remember the name of the King and Head of Mission and senior staff.

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