الجمعة، 21 أكتوبر، 2011

Pharaonic antiquities in Fayum

Fayoum was part of the province of the twenty provinces of Upper and capital was Ahnasia Fayoum has seen brighter eras in the Pharaonic era and found the traces of many shows over the position in this period, including:

Area Gerzh

Were found to represent the cemetery of the last phase of pre-dynastic period.

Tarkhan

Tattabrmen effects of first and second families, where they were found to cemetery two families first, second, and a large terrace of the reign of the first family have a facade of brick, and a small cemetery of the First Dynasty.

 Pyramid Sylla

Located on the eastern edge of the low-Fayoum facing east to the village of Fayoum rupees had not disclosed the full, which is different in design from the traditional pyramid is based on high and has the form of a runway, due to the Third Dynasty.

Temple of the palace chapel

Located 8 km north of Lake Qarun, a building of limestone and sandstone and contains the palace of seven compartments, and an area of ​​about 180 meters, is located in the south of the cemetery from the Middle Kingdom.

The Cayman Persia (Orsenauy) (constructed)

It is out of the city of Fayoum old and was founded in the reign of the Fifth Dynasty, and flourished in the era of the family of 12 was established by King Amenemhat the Third Temple of God, cast and named after the (constructed) and then called (Orsenauy) in honor of his wife, located within the city of Fayoum district, university and was an area of ​​220 acres of this is the ruins of the largest remnants of what was known of Egyptian cities and is located to the north of the city's main synagogue of the Middle Kingdom, as they were found to include the effects of a statue of Amnhat third of black granite, and papyri, and bronze coins, pottery and statues .. The Antiquities Authority has list the remainder of these effects and enclosed by a fence.

Obelisk of Senusret



An existing 13 m high granite top and round the hole to install the statue of the king or the crown .. Set up by King Senusret I of the kings of the family of 12 to commemorate the start of conversion of agricultural land to the Fayoum has been moved from its original location in the village of Fayoum Abjeej to the entrance of the city of Fayoum in 1972.

 Pyramid of Hawara



Located in the village of Hawara at a distance of 9 km southeast of the city of Fayoum and built this pyramid of brick and then encased in from the outside limestone and a rising 58 meters and the length of each side 100 meters, has succeeded Petrie in 1889 to enter the pyramid and get to the burial chamber, which consists of the mass of one huge Alkuartset of stone and weighing up to 110 tons and has no door but the thieves were able to access it through a hole in the roof and stole the most important Mavera has built this pyramid of King Amenemhat III of the kings of the family 12 .. The area surrounding the pyramid, a total of effects including a cemetery and the remains of Princess Nfruptah Palace Allabernt and cemeteries of the Late Period, which was found in the Fayum portraits.

Ruins of the city's past

Located about 35 km southwest of the city of Fayoum near Manor reagent South Sea girls and includes the ruins of the Temple of the era of the family of 12 was built by King Amnhamat the third and fourth, then added to additions in the Roman era, where it was put by the statues of black with severed heads, and is the largest temple of the rest of the Middle Kingdom in Egypt .. And can be accessed from Fayoum to Abu Jendar Sea and then to the girls and then to the temple.

 Palace Allabernt

Is the temple of Amenemhat III, and no region of Hawara, was built adjacent to the pyramid of Hawara and was 12-a lobby lounge are all covered, six of which are heading north and six heading south and it has gates corresponding to each other completely, and surrounded the whole building one wall and there was the building are two types of rooms half under the ground and the other half on the surface of the earth, and the estimated number of these rooms is 300 rooms, cabins bottom of the tomb of the king and the sacred crocodile belts, and no remains of this effect so far only the effects of some of the columns did not reveal the top floor of the basement yet.

Tomb of Princess Navarro Petah

Place prior to the pyramid of Hawara at around 1.5 km on the canal Bahr Yusuf, the tomb built of limestone there by the ark of the granite has been moved to the Antiquities Authority, was found in this cemetery on the table and offerings, and three jars of pure silver, necklace value of Princess Navarro Ptah, son of King Amenemhat III.

Lahun pyramid

Building of brick and was clad in limestone and has a height of 48 Mitrotoul with a base 106 meters and is entered on the south side and the builders of King Senusret II of the Twelfth Dynasty, and away from the city of Fayoum, 22 km meters and was a building on a hill high height of 12 meters was open this pyramid by the English scientist William Flinders Petrie 1889, and found within the golden cobra the only one who was placed over the crown royal which is the Egyptian Museum and was also detected for the tomb of Princess Hathor Sat next to the pyramid and still treasures of this museum's Egyptian Princess
The area comprises Lahun pyramid archaeological sites the following:

Agon cemetery.
Located in the vicinity of the pyramid tomb of architect pyramid (ENPI) and in the south terraces were 9 graves of members of the royal family, including the cemetery Sat Anhorat Oaont.

City workers Agon

Located around the pyramid of Senusret II and due importance in the country as the oldest Egyptian clear-cut.

Cemetery Mokt

Cemetery in the village of Agon to a person named Mokt of the family of 12.

Bases of a statue of Amenemhat II

Located rules Alambnatin limestone village Bihmu at a distance of 7 km from the city of Fayoum, and the King Amenemhat II ordains Khadtan Mnhottin in quartz two statues of himself and his wife to overlook the old Lake Morris (Qarun), and was a rise in the two statues 30 meters and a height of each Rule 4 meters.

    

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