الأحد، 23 أكتوبر 2011

The importance of statues in the era of the Pharaohs

It was one of the creations of ancient Egyptian art, called the Pharaonic statues of kings, or whether individuals or gods or animals ... And so on. But the real significance of what he wanted from the ancient Egyptian statues? What is the purpose which made ​​for?

We find that each type of statues that have significance and meaning of his own independent In the statues of kings and their significance for different individuals statues of the Gods, for statues of animals.

With the beginning of the ages before history, we find that the most important types of statues were statuettes of clay are some of the gods and their purpose is to worship and draw closer to these gods of various purpose of the use of what is facing the ancient Egyptian risk, and try to avert this danger and the search for security and safety, such as statues of the Son shelter or a god "Anubis," god of the cemetery and the dead and mummification, which Abdo ancient Egyptians to ward off the evil of this animal who is looking for the bodies of the dead the whole, I think the Egyptian that he approached it and worship it by idolizing and keep this statue will avert his evil to protect his body to salute once again

 There are other examples of statues of the gods of good and thrive, such as the cow, which he called "Hathor" and other statues, these statues were simple burnt clay, and then the development of other materials of stone and bronze. Statues were simple in the details and significance of which is clear and explicit.

He began carving in the ancient Egyptian statues of kings, a second type, followed by statues of individuals

 It was for the statues of kings are kings on the body of God after death in the sitting position on the throne bearded, the beard of the gods wearing the apron around the center and on the head hood Royal, called the mongoose, a month covers the head with the blankets again differed in their forms and colors of the Taj North and Red South and white Double component of them together with various other coverings and was keen to adorn the front Kabra snake (cobra) and Phoenix (female eagle) Ramzy Alalehtan garrisons of the south and north. Was believed the ancient Egyptian King when he ascended the throne in accordance with what was like a priest the son of god state official (Ra), the sun and so is called the king title (Sa-Ra) any son of the sun along with many titles such as (Sa Ptah) any son of God (Ptah ) God (dead hostage) Memphis, king of the North and South (Nsopety) and vegetans title belongs to the gods of Egypt Alhamaitin North and South title and any Houri (Horus).

 The king must be represented at a young age have no more than about 25-30 a year at most, no matter what age the king and this is noted clearly in the Pharaonic era full of 3200 BC. And even in 332 BC. M must be a statue of the king at the age of a small man with a bully muscular, strong structure, consistent textures, with insight and Hmokh head, Vd shoulders, sitting in the absolute perfect with differing conditions, both hands on the shoulders or chest sitting or standing.

However the study ages Egyptian kings in all Pharaonic times (old state - the state and middle - a modern state) and the era of late, we find that the ages starting from 7 years to 109 years, such as Tutankhamun nine years, and died in the ninth century and there is Ramses II from 23 to 93 in general, King Pepi II, from 19 to 109 in queens and were between twenty and eighty years.

But they have to represent all of them in this form so that the non-ideal for art students Egyptian believed that all the statues are similar to any one person or several people frequent and there is no difference between this or that.

Ie that there is a model or two models Itakerran in all the statues, but this is not true With the scrutiny of the features statues of each king there is a difference between the features of the king for the last must be that the example was keen to represent the details of the king's face carefully, otherwise this is not the statue of the king and become a problem has been loses his life, because it is not reasonable to accept a statue of the king does not have details of the face.

But what the significance of the representation of the kings of this body ideal, especially young people and the bully

The answer is that the ancient Egyptians when they secure the doctrine of resurrection and life again, it was the essence of this doctrine that man when Yahya seconds should be in this picture man strong muscular sound structure of Yahya happy life and enjoy his life second to the fullest and this image will be eternal, ie will not grow year again, as it was in the first life if he died, such as Ramses II, for example, at the age of 91 or 93 years old, old man, is not aware of anything in this world, sick, sick, sick, and is unable to walk or to sit , and can not eat or drink as it was in his youth, how would he be enjoying life again? Will be a torment to him, and would not wish to live a second life in this way and that way.

 Vaatkaddoa so that man will return a young man to enjoy his life a second.

But where did this belief? And how the doctrine has become well established over three thousand years is the age of Egyptian civilization, a roots and sources. We pause here:

As for the statues of individuals, which prevailed all Pharaonic times in different situations and different groups of them royal author - the commander of the army - a priest - a senior official ... etc.. , He has managed the work of the statues to make a statue of himself is represented in what he was doing in the world. What is the significance and meaning

 We find these statues similar to the identity or the identity card writer during his life was a social status is conveniently next to his property and in the community is keen on this situation and this position was made ​​a statue of him adorns by his home during his life to boast among his family and his companions, when death must be placed this statue in the tomb to inform each of the life of the second that he was a writer royal during his life to revere and enjoy the same prestige and status in the other world, and found these statues graves, as well as the individuals, judges, military leaders, they are considered such as card and identity information from the other world the status of those in their community Vinallowa same status

 The statues of the gods they represent all the gods, both the gods grand or official, or local, which, amounting to over 170 hundred seventy-god and goddess, he is the embodiment of the power of the spirit of the gods Vtmthal the god Amun, the god doctor, for example, is a physical image of this God and dedicated these statues for worship, whether in temples or houses.

Thus we see that the ancient Egyptian, when he wanted to serve a specific idea, whether of faithor belief or social work to make them serve in the shape of this idea is expressed clearly and clearly and without
ambiguity.

  

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