الجمعة، 21 أكتوبر، 2011

Greek art in Egypt, Romania

Was a product of the invasion of Egypt in Alexandria "332 BC. M" and its occupation and subordination of Egypt under the Greeks and Romans significant impact in a change in ancient Egyptian art

May carry the Greeks and Romans with them to Egypt, their art, "Hellenistic" their own, which was the basis of Greek art and with their arrival to Egypt with ancient civilization and its art unique in all areas, whether sculpture or mural painting or even a small arts of jewelry, tools, furniture, etc., we find them may Behrhm this art ancient upscale and began to emulate this art and the creation of intentional mixing between Greek art and Greek and Egyptian art this is demonstrated especially in sculpture and architecture, especially temples.

 Was the policy of the Greeks and the beginning of the Ptolemaic rulers, especially as of Ptolemy I to Queen Cleopatra and also during the Roman era policy aims to get closer to the Egyptians, so as to exclude the title of their invaders. We find them eager to carve statues on the same pattern of statues of the kings of Egypt in the Pharaonic era in terms of the situation, whether standing or sitting, as well as conditions of the arms and feet and hands, contrary to the situation of the statues of Greek, which was characterized by simulating nature and is not a situation the classic statues of ancient Egyptian art, although they added fingerprint-pattern is purely a capital statues , which represents the natural features of the face of the kings and their hair in Greek art was the pride of their nationalism and workers that they are keen to represent the head and the hair of their own art

 , Collected these statues of Egyptian art, ancient classical distinctive Greek art as well as the keenness of the Kings to represent themselves on the walls of temples during the times of Greek and Romanian, this is evident in the temples of Philae and Dendera, Kom Ombo and Edfu in the form of the kings of Egypt in the Pharaonic times in all its details, whether the conditions of physical face, shoulder and arms The hands and legs from the side and eyes from the front. Also in terms of decorations and ornaments in clothes and headgear which also Mathlt crowns of kings known as the Egyptian decoration and all this before the same Egyptian gods such as Osiris, Isis, and Hur, and Hator and other gods

. As well as the forms of furniture, especially the throne and Mahafah used in religious rituals as well as the tools they catch Kalsoljan kings and royal crests as symbols of ownership

As well as in architecture were keen to take the same patterns of Egyptian architecture in the form of columns on the forms of lotus and papyrus and palm leaves and columns that adorned the face of the gods Hathor as well as forms of gates and decorated the top of the temples known Balavriz especially doors decorated pinch sun winged symbol of the god Ra. The new addition added by the Greeks and Romans is the Mint, which was not known in Egypt, where he is working Mkabdh in the process of buying and selling money was not known in Egypt

With the rule of the Ptolemies of Egypt and later the Romans, and found that they have also introduced minted coin of silver, gold or bronze or nickel with pictures of kings on the face and some of the royal crests, religious, and documentaries such as titles, date, although some of them dye dye Egyptian purely as forms of some religious symbols

 In the field of music and singing has continued to the Egyptians during the era Greek and Roman retaining Bmosikahm, instruments and poetry and singing, as was the case in the Pharaonic era, but we find that the Greeks and the Romans brought with them their art and their machines their own music, although it is unlikely to be mixing, even if slightly between these machines, especially during the celebrations and festivals, especially in the religious holidays, which was keen Ptolemaic kings and Roman to do the same duties of kings and pharaohs of reconnecting to the Egyptians.

In the field of clothing and fabrics, the Ptolemies and the Romans used the fabrics plants in Egypt, especially in Upper Qeft in the production of fabrics and decorative colored clothing. The Egyptians keen on the use of decorative patterns and colors of clothes and that the genuine Egyptian grandfather after the Egyptians embrace of Christianity and the use of the known elements of Coptic art in the decoration of clothes.

 The Egyptians during the Greco-Roman adhere to their art the old Pharaonic in all fields, whether architecture or clothing or tools and other even entered Christianity to Egypt, Venbz Egyptians and Bta for this art and have also introduced themselves to a new art, a so-called art, Egyptian Coptic with a pure religious nature, where such religious symbols such as grapes and leaves, baskets, crosses, and religious myths on everything, both in the capitals of columns or walls or niches of churches, monasteries and pulpits and altars, doors and furniture for both churches or houses, tools houses all kinds of books.

This art was characterized by clarity and simplicity together with the use of the Egyptian language, which the evolution of the line to the line where the Coptic Greek letters as an element of decoration for Coptic art.

We find in Egypt during this period is similar to what types of art. The first is any Egyptian Coptic art to the Egyptians the art of another combination of Greek and Egyptian art carries the properties of technicians.

 

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