الجمعة، 21 أكتوبر، 2011

Aztec empire

Empire of the place and presence in Mexico and was a great empire

Empire Aztecs is the state of Native Americans, which ruled most of what is now Mexico in the period of 1428 until about 1521 the empire represented the highest point in the evolution of Aztec rich that had begun more than a century earlier, and began to dominate the area stretching from the Valley of Mexico central Mexico and east to the Gulf of Mexico and south to Guatemala when it was conquered by the Spanish empire

Aztec word refers to both the people who founded the empire, who called themselves Mexica, or Tenochca, and more generally, to each of the Nahuatl-speaking ethnic groups that lived in the Valley of Mexico at the time of Spanish conquest. Aztec name is derived from Aztlán, the mythical homeland of the Mexica; according to tradition, Aztlán was located northwest of the Valley of Mexico, and possibly in western Mexico. The name Mexico is derived from Mexica.
 
Aztecs built large cities, and put the social structures, political and religious. Their capital, Tenotstitlan existed on the site of Mexico City. And put the city built on islands and reclaimed land (Marshland
 
Tenotstitlan was probably the largest city in the world at the time of Spanish conquest. Appeared the huge temple complex and the royal palace, and many channels

.Aztec empire was destroyed after the Spanish conquest, but their civilization remained an important influence on her development of Mexican culture. Many contemporary Mexicans are descended from the Aztecs, and more than 1 million Mexicans speak Nahuatl, the Aztec language, the mother, is the first language. In Mexico City, excavations continue to uncover temple foundations, statues, jewelry, antiques and other Aztec
 
Ruled since the Aztec empire in 1428 CE, until 1521, when it was conquered by the Spaniards. This empire was the basis of the Aztec civilization. And control of the Empire was the Valley of Mexico and Central Gulf of Mexico to the east and south to Guatemala
Aztecs built large cities and buildings, religious, administrative and political. The Tenotstitlan Tenochtitlán the capital and the site was a place in Mexico City today. The largest city in the world when it was conquered by the Spaniards in the early 16th century. It had a huge temple and the king's palace, and many of the channels, but they destroyed the civilization has been its impact on Mexican culture.
 
Last Aztec tribes barbarians entered the Valley of Mexico Americas Horn 12 o'clock. The capital Tenotstitlan the pyramid of the great pyramids of the Aztecs and represents the god of war and its base area of ​​700 square feet and a height of 300 feet Oppe staircase consists of 340 degrees, in the end over the top there are two towers, each tower of three floors Oppe altar for human sacrifices by the priests they make, and contains the pyramid in its aspects Ali Quat (slots) of each niche stands for day of the year (see: Maya. and many of the contemporary Mexican Aztec. There are million Mexicans still speak the Aztec language of Nahuatl Nahuatl national

In Mexico City conducted excavations to reveal the Aztec civilization. The people of the Aztec people called the Mexica or Mxhexa Tnotchka Tenochca. The name is derived from the Aztec word Azatlan Aztlán, which in the legends Mxhexa. The people there Azatlan northwestern valley of Mexico.
 
Before the Aztecs and the Valley of Mexico was a center of advanced civilization. From the years 100 AD. Up to 650 m, the valley and the city of Teotihuacan was the center of the State of political, religious and economic ties.
 
After the demise of this city Altoltk people migrated from the north to central Mexico, where a strong component of the civilization Altoltk Toltec civilization which reached its prosperity between 10 and 11 centuries BC. M.

 In the 13th century attacked Alcicimk Chichimec the Valley of Mexico and captured the cities Altoltk. And integrated culture with the culture of two components Altoltk early Aztec civilization. Aztec society was based on agriculture and live under the guidance in all aspects of religious life
The Aztecs worshiped gods representing the forces of nature that have an impact on the agricultural economy, they have, and the cities of pyramids, the stone giant, and over the peaks of the temples and was provided by the Human sacrifices to the gods, and that the people of agriculture has been worshiped the forces of nature, the sources of these powerful gods, Fbdoa god of the sun and Izibotstla Huitzilopochtli , which was considered the god of war, too. They had a rain god Tlaloc Tlaluk and the God of the wind.
 
The Aztecs believed that the gods good and useful, it must remain strong to prevent the evil gods from destroying the world for this reason they offer a human sacrifice and most of them prisoners of war. They believed that the god of rain Tlaluk preferred victims are children

.The ritual sacrifice on the dates they were Ihspunha by the stars to select a special time for each god, and the victim was stepping up to the top of the pyramid, where he was the priest extend it up on a stone altar, and clinch the victim's heart and then send it up to the god being honored, then puts the heart is beating for grilling in the fire of the Holy, sometimes it was many of the victims killed in a one-time in 1487 AD Aztec priests killed 80 thousand prisoners of war to devote to rebuild the Temple of the Sun city Tenotstitlan.
 
The priests thought they obtain satisfaction gods by fasting or injuring themselves, and of them ran schools for the education of the priesthood of children who will become priests. Of the most important work of the priests determine the happy days to wage war or doing business, and there was a religious agenda made ​​up of 260 days for this information. The holy days to honor the gods have an agenda for the solar calendar made ​​up of 365 days. This calendar was a follower, I have the Maya, Olmec and Alzaboutk in Central America. The art takes a religious character or of war

 Aztec developed irrigation system and fertilizer used. Farmers plow did not know but they were Don seeds in small holes. They make pottery and baskets. The women grind corn Barahaya stone.
 
Did not know the coins, but were using cocoa beans, cotton clothing and salt in buying and selling them, did not have the Aztec vehicles on the calf and animals to draw, but were using boats small tree trunks carved canoe or the appearance of porters who were walking in convoys and in front of them merchants, and caravans of porters were guarded by armed men, and merchants were working in espionage on behalf of the empire, especially in the cities that they are selling and which were not subject to the Aztec
 Most of Aztec art reflects the concepts and religious perspective, he used bright color graphics, and the graphics on the walls or paper bark trees amatl, and depicts the religious ceremonies and pictures of the gods.
 
They were practicing the art of sculpture and engraving, the carved idol Banakec internal or sculpture was outstanding and of this work show the gods or the sacred record of the victims. Of the most famous statues of the Aztec calendar stone, which weighs 22 tons and 3.7-meter diameter, and represents the universe and the world for the Aztec, in the middle of the stone carved image of the face of the sun and surrounded by circles are designed to symbolize the days and years.
 
The artists make forms for people and animals in the form of small statues of stone and quartz Alabasudaian (glass rocky) and rubies

The Aztecs use a simple hand-powered machines to work, and the people have a handy skill, a woman had woven plant fibers Mjoa maguey fibers Bmghazl of sticks and the orbit of the spindle of dried mud. Be Asbgen yarns in bright colors, and the aprons and Insjnha Qaalt and loose-fitting clothing for men and jackets with sleeves and long skirts for women and geometric designs distinctive.
 
The skilled craftsmen hand-holding feathers and make him the veil and headscarf and banners. They make pottery leprosy layers of mud on top of each chip to make pots and cups for storage and oven tiles (susceptible) for bread and pots Choi was in the open fire ovens, and the red and white painted with geometric designs accurately.
 
I have not Aloznk supplements of iron and bronze, as in the countries of the Middle East and was of stone cutting machines Alabsidian. And at the coming of the Spanish colonists were using machines of copper. The Aztec Bzinon ornaments and jewelry gold silver copper Emerald Turquoise Sapphire. The axes are made of stone or decoded copper and hands made ​​of wood and drills of the bone or reed

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