الجمعة، 21 أكتوبر 2011

Architecture in Islamic Egypt

When the Arabs conquered Egypt and other countries did not have any experience in the field of architecture, where the imposed environment of the desert to live in the desert and cities in the Arabian Peninsula isolated from the rest of ancient civilizations, whether in Iraq or Egypt or Yemen, no parallel in the Arab Peninsula buildings huge temples or palaces or houses which saw buildings greatness in Pharaonic Egypt, such as the temples of Karnak and Abu Simbel, Luxor and Medinet Habu and the pyramids indicate the extent to which the ancient Egyptians in the field of architecture, which continued during the times the Greek and Roman were the establishment of the temples of Philae and Edfu and Dendera to the establishment of the city of Alexandria Bembaanha great luxury, as well as military forts such as the invincible fortress of Babylon in Old Cairo

  So when the Muslims conquered Egypt and the Arabs to enter the Islamic era, Muslims began to use siblings Christians to help them build their mosques, homes and palaces, markets and bathrooms and other buildings.

Was normal that shows the influence of civilization, the ancient Egyptian, Greek, Romanian in Islamic architecture first in Egypt, because the Albanians is the same as the Egyptian, who built these buildings in ancient Egypt, Greek, Romanian, reflected this clear in the architecture of mosques in Egypt in terms of the overall design of the mosque, as well as the constituent elements of the mosque, as well as decoration, and we find this clear in the presence of the main entrance leads to an open courtyard and hall of columns and then the interior of the place of prayer, the mihrab and we find the same components that resemble temples, churches and different jobs and Titles

  As well as the presence of obelisks and towers in the temples, churches, and we find represented in the mosque Palmazn. We also find that the design of windows and equipped with stained glass in churches has been applied in the windows of mosques as well as the decoration of temples, religious texts, as in the churches, which are decorated with great Coptic Christian texts and also the decoration of mosques, the texts from the Koran to decorate mosques and private aspects of the mihrab

 The Muslims in Islamic Egypt at the Arab conquest living in tents in Fustat With the increase in their numbers after the arrival of their families in Egypt began in the construction of houses, palaces and administrative buildings such as the house money and the courthouse and other buildings on the same architectural styles of Christianity in Egypt with the help of some of the architectural elements of the Pharaonic civilization especially in the windows and ventilation and the use of natural lighting and decoration in buildings

With the passage of time, Muslims began to draw architecture of their own by adding elements of Muslim individual not known to Egyptian civilization, pharaonic, during the Greco-Roman enter a geometric and plant in the Islamic architecture both in the buildings of stone or elements of wood and we find this is evident in what influenced by Islamic mosques in Egypt as the internal and external walls have become individually decorated with every new era of medieval Islamic era in Egypt, whether governors or Ataiwlaunayn or Fatimid and Mamluk or Ottoman era, we find that every age has its own characteristics, especially in the minarets and domes. As well as the palaces and houses, so that archaeologists through the study of verse architectural elements can be determined the age of any building or a mosque or a door or architectural element of the characteristics of each era

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