The Theban ruler Seqnenre-Taa began the struggle for liberation, but he fell on the battlefield and his body was mutilated by the Hyksos.
His son Kamose took command until he was also killed.
The younger son Ahmose the First resumed the struggle and succeeded in expelling the foreign intruders around 1555 BC. He then became the King of all Egypt and founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty. Thus began an era of rebuilding the state, restoring the ruined temples of the gods, and leading the country towards prosperity and security.