الجمعة، 21 أكتوبر، 2011

Scientific activity in Islamic Egypt

With the entry of Arabs to Egypt as conquerors but after the expulsion of the Romans, we find that the people of Egypt welcomed the Muslim Arabs in Egypt and the spread of Islam in Egypt calls for teaching Arabic to the people of Egypt who wants to enter Islam, and what is striking is that the great people with an ancient civilization dropping the language of national and replaced the Arabic language expatriate is a unique event did not happen with the people of Egypt with any foreigners, whether from the Persians or the Greeks or the Romans, and this helped the spread of Islam in Egypt, where he found the people of Egypt, the religion of tolerance was not long before Arabic became the national language of the people Egypt's Muslims and Christians

The mosques have played a major role in the scientific movement in Egypt during the Islamic period, besides the role of religious there was a scientific role, becoming mosques schools to teach Arabic language and the teaching of religious sciences of jurisprudence and interpretation of the Koran, etc.

It was the interest of the Muslim rulers in Egypt, the establishment of the great mosques, such as the Mosque of Amr ibn al-Aas and Ibn Tulun, Al-Azhar, the Governor and Sultan Hassan, which became known as the title of the Jama Masjid, a mosque and a school for students from different parts of the ground and raced rulers to establish schools and Koranic schools with care for the students of these mosques, schools, and the bestowal of gifts for them to induce them to search The lesson, which enriched the Egyptian researchers in the science of religion and the world were these facilities as universities open to all those who wanted to learn from science, which continues for thousands of years Kgama Azhar 969 AD to the present day the role of the university throughout his life long benefited by students from around the globe to collect science and access to degrees in theology and other sciences

The adoption of the rulers in Egypt for scientists significant impact in pushing many of them to excel and excellence in various branches of science in chemistry, biology, medicine and other

As well as the rulers also interested in the establishment of libraries and to ensure the acquisition of the precious books of the Library One of the greatest libraries in the era of Sultan castle full of the Ayyubid period and it contains over 68 thousand volumes. In addition to the major libraries was every ruler is keen to create a library attached to the palace is open to scientists of students and also encouraged the establishment of councils, scientific, literary, and was what befell the scientists during the Islamic era in Egypt's interest in the rulers a significant impact in writing encyclopedias, literary and historical, creating a legacy scientifically and morally abound in the world's libraries, along with thousands of manuscripts that have not been published until now mostly

Not only the establishment of schools, Koranic schools on the city of Cairo alone, but also spread in the north and south of the country. This helped the emergence of many scientists in various branches of science marched on their way scholars of Europe and the transfer of their sciences, knowledge and condemn the world, now including these scientists reached this level of scientific progress

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