In ancient books, others speak about the area of Egyptian land that lies between and spreads around the two branches of the Nile. They accurately named this area the Delta.
Herodotus supported this ancient idea when he said that this area of Egyptian land is "a gift of the Nile."
Modern geologists have proved that the land of the Delta was once submerged under the sea until the Nile built it up and shaped it by depositing fertile soil. This area is a type of wadi, or riverbed that is usually dry except during the rainy season.
By examining the nature of the whole wadi, from Aswan to the Mediterranean Sea, it can be seen that "the gift of the Nile" is not just the area north of the wadi that Herodotus and others speak of, but the entire valley.
If it had not been for the Nile, Egypt would have remained part of the vast desert that was divided into two by the Nile's course, and the green valley would have remained submerged under sea water.
The Egyptians had much respect and praise for the Nile. Ancient artists were greatly influenced by the Nile and depicted it in the form of a god or goddess .