السبت، 8 أكتوبر 2011

The Furniture of Tutankhamun

Beds for everyday or ceremonial and ritual use, folding or traveling beds, chairs and stools of different types and sizes and for specific occasions, chests, jars, tables, and footrests were all found in great quantities in the tomb of Tutankhamun.

Even a wooden wig box containing a dummy head on which to place a wig was among the valuables. Many kinds of wood, local and imported, plastered and gilded, were used. Advanced techniques were used in making the furniture.

Wooden boxes and other items were inlaid with naturally colored or tinted ivory, semiprecious stones, and glass paste, or by using incised relief filled with colored frit upon wood. Frit is partially fused ground material used in making glass. Gilding and silvering as well as embossed relief overlaid with gold leaf were also methods of decorating surfaces. Figures and symbols were created in wood using the openwork technique. Openwork is an ornamental work containing numerous openings, usually in set patterns.

Copper and bronze hinges were used for lids, doors, the folding bed, and the collapsible wooden canopy.

Furniture pieces were joined using tenon, or projection, and mortise, or cavity, as well as wooden, copper, or bronze pins. Stools were made with original designs in imitation of folding stools, but with rigid legs ending with duck heads.

Seats and beds were covered with reeds or linen matting.

Chests and boxes were built with wooden sidebars and retractable handles to make carrying easier.

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