السبت، 8 أكتوبر، 2011

Architecture in the Time of Amenhotep the Third

The long reign of Amenhotep the Third, about 38 years, was a very prosperous era.

The king, who appreciated arts and liked monumental architecture, charged his vizier and director of works, the genius Amenhotep, son of Hapu, with building his temples and palaces. Huge, elegant buildings were built in Luxor, Karnak, the west of Thebes, and Nubia.


Colossal statues of the royal couple and of the deities Amun-Re, Mut, and Khonsu, also called the Theban Triad, were sculpted in granite, limestone, and crystalline limestone. These are now found in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo and the Luxor Temple.


The processional colonnade of Amenhotep the Third was built mainly for the festivities of the Theban Triad. Scenes of these festival processions are depicted in relief on the walls of the colonnade.


They show in detail the journey of the statues of the deities from Karnak to Luxor and back again as well as all the activities of purification, offering, and dancing during their journey, which usually lasted 22 days in the summer
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